WoRMS taxon details

Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758)

207350  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207350)

accepted
Species
Fungia (Fungia) fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Fungia agariciformis Lamarck, 1801 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia agariciformis var. tenuifolia Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia confertifolia Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia crassilamellata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (misspelling)
Fungia crassolamellata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia dentata Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia fungites f. obliqua Thiel, 1932 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia fungites var. agariciformis Lamarck, 1801 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia fungites var. columnifera Döderlein, 1902 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia fungites var. confertifolia Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia fungites var. crassilamellata Milne Edwards, 1860 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia fungites var. dentata Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia fungites var. grandis Döderlein, 1902 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia fungites var. haimei Verrill, 1864 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia fungites var. incisa Döderlein, 1902 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia fungites var. indica Döderlein, 1902 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia fungites var. insularis Nemenzo, 1955 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia fungites var. lucapensis Nemenzo, 1955 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia fungites var. papillosa Verrill, 1866 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia fungites var. plicata Döderlein, 1902 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia fungites var. stylifera Döderlein, 1902 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia haimei Verrill, 1864 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia lacera Verrill, 1866 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia papillosa Verrill, 1866 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia patella var. lobulata Klunzinger, 1879 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia patella var. obtusa Klunzinger, 1879 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia patella var. tenuifolia (Dana, 1846) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia patellaris Lamarck, 1801 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia pliculosa Studer, 1878 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Fungia tenuifolia Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Halomitra (Halomitra) fungites Studer, 1901 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (homonym)
Halomitra fungites Studer, 1901 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (secondary homonym)
Madrepora fungites Linnaeus, 1758 · unaccepted > superseded combination (basionym)
Madrepora patella Ellis & Solander, 1786 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Matrepora fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Monomyces patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Forma Fungia fungites f. obliqua Thiel, 1932 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. agariciformis Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. columnifera Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. confertifolia Dana, 1846 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. crassilamellata Milne Edwards, 1860 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. dentata Dana, 1846 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. discus Dana, 1846 accepted as Lithophyllon repanda (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. grandis Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. haimei Verrill, 1864 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. incisa Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. indica Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. insularis Nemenzo, 1955 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. lucapensis Nemenzo, 1955 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. papillosa Verrill, 1866 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. plicata Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. stylifera Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
(of Madrepora fungites Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Note Red Sea (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality Red Sea (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description Corals are circular. Septa have triangular, small teeth, and costae have regular, tall and smooth spines. Coralla reach...  
Description Corals are circular. Septa have triangular, small teeth, and costae have regular, tall and smooth spines. Coralla reach over 30 cm across and are slightly arched. The species is very common in sandy, rubble and hard substrate areas, down to at least 35 m deep. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Corals are circular or subcircular, up to 280 mm in diameter. Septal teeth are triangular, pointed, coral spines are tall, smooth and conical. Colour: Brown, sometimes mottles. Abundance: Very common. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2023). World List of Scleractinia. Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207350 on 2023-02-03
Date
action
by
1996-10-25 16:53:40Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-01-26 22:15:03Z
checked
2018-07-21 16:09:03Z
changed
2022-06-06 14:35:55Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Fungia agariciformis Lamarck, 1801) Lamarck, J. B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   

original description  (of Fungia haimei Verrill, 1864) Verrill, A. E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6587563 [details]   

original description  (of Fungia papillosa Verrill, 1866) Verrill AE. (1866). Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. John Rodgers, U.S.N., from 1853 to 1856. Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, Naturalist to the Expedition. With descriptions of some additional species from the west coast of North America. Part III. Madreporaria. <em>Communications of the Essex Institute, Salem.</em> 5(3): 17-50, pls. 1-2., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33204514 [details]   

original description  (of Fungia agariciformis var. tenuifolia Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Fungia dentata Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Fungia confertifolia Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Fungia crassolamellata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1851). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 6. Monographie des Fongides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 15: 73-144. [details]   

original description  (of Fungia crassilamellata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1851). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 6. Monographie des Fongides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 15: 73-144. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora fungites Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Fungia fungites var. plicata Döderlein, 1902) Döderlein, L. 1902. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1–162, I–XXV. [details]   

original description  (of Fungia fungites var. incisa Döderlein, 1902) Döderlein, L. 1902. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1–162, I–XXV. [details]   

original description  (of Fungia fungites var. indica Döderlein, 1902) Döderlein, L. 1902. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1–162, I–XXV. [details]   

original description  (of Fungia fungites var. grandis Döderlein, 1902) Döderlein, L. 1902. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1–162, I–XXV. [details]   

original description  (of Fungia fungites var. stylifera Döderlein, 1902) Döderlein, L. 1902. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1–162, I–XXV. [details]   

original description  (of Fungia fungites var. columnifera Döderlein, 1902) Döderlein, L. 1902. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1–162, I–XXV. [details]   

original description  (of Fungia fungites var. lucapensis Nemenzo, 1955) Nemenzo, F. (1955). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: I. Suborder Fungiida. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 15: 3-84. [details]   

original description  (of Fungia fungites var. insularis Nemenzo, 1955) Nemenzo, F. (1955). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: I. Suborder Fungiida. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 15: 3-84. [details]   

original description  (of Halomitra fungites Studer, 1901) Studer, T. (1901). Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. <em>Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere.</em> 14: 388-428, pls. 23-31. [details]   

original description  (of Fungia pliculosa Studer, 1878) Studer T. (1878). Übersicht der Steinkorallen aus der Familie der Madreporaria aporosa, Eupsammina und Turbinaria, welche auf der Reise S.M.S. Gazelle um die Erde gesammelt wurden. <em>Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin.</em> 1877: 625-655, pls. 1-4. [details]   

original description  (of Fungia patella var. lobulata Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (of Fungia patella var. obtusa Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (of Fungia fungites var. haimei Verrill, 1864) Verrill, A. E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6587563 [details]   

original description  (of Fungia fungites var. agariciformis Lamarck, 1801) Lamarck, J. B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   

original description  (of Fungia fungites var. papillosa Verrill, 1866) Verrill AE. (1866). Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. John Rodgers, U.S.N., from 1853 to 1856. Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, Naturalist to the Expedition. With descriptions of some additional species from the west coast of North America. Part III. Madreporaria. <em>Communications of the Essex Institute, Salem.</em> 5(3): 17-50, pls. 1-2., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33204514 [details]   

original description  (of Fungia fungites var. dentata Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Fungia fungites var. confertifolia Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Fungia fungites f. obliqua Thiel, 1932) Thiel, M.E. (1932). Madreporaria. Zugleich ein Versuch einer vergleichenden Oekologie der gefundenen Formen. Resultats scientifiques du Voyage aux Indes Orientales Neerlandaises. <em>Memoires du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique.</em> 2(12): 1-177, pls. 1-21. [details]   

original description  (of Fungia lacera Verrill, 1866) Verrill AE. (1866). Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. John Rodgers, U.S.N., from 1853 to 1856. Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, Naturalist to the Expedition. With descriptions of some additional species from the west coast of North America. Part III. Madreporaria. <em>Communications of the Essex Institute, Salem.</em> 5(3): 17-50, pls. 1-2., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33204514 [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora patella Ellis & Solander, 1786) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41943909 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Fungia patellaris Lamarck, 1801) Lamarck, J. B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   

basis of record Hoeksema BW. (1989). Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae. <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden.</em> 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source Gittenberger A, Reijnen BT, Hoeksema BW. (2011). A molecularly based phylogeny reconstruction of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) with taxonomic consequences and evolutionary implications for life history traits. <em>Contributions to Zoology.</em> 80: 107-132., available online at https://brill.com/downloadpdf/journals/ctoz/80/2/article-p107_2.xml [details]   

additional source Nemenzo, F. (1955). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: I. Suborder Fungiida. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 15: 3-84.
page(s): 5, 58, 62-63, Plate XI, fig. 3b [details]   

additional source van der Horst, C.J. (1921). The Madreporaria of the Siboga expedition: 2. Madreporaria Fungida. Siboga-Expeditie: uitkomsten op zoölogisch, botanisch, oceanographisch en geologisch gebied verzameld in Nederlandsch Oost-Indië 1899-1900 aan boord H.M. Siboga onder commando van Luitenant ter Zee 1e kl. G.F. Tydeman, XVIb. E.J. Brill: Leiden. 53-98, plates I-VI pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 3, 12, 14, 44 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Gardiner JS. (1905). Madreporaria III. Fungida IV. Turbinolidae. <em>Fauna and geography of the Maldives and Laccadives Archipelagoes, Cambridge.</em> 2: 933-957, pls. 89-93.
page(s): 940, 941 [details]   

additional source Boschma H. (1923). The Madreporaria of the Siboga Expedition IV. Fungia patella. <em>Siboga-Expedition (Brill, Leiden).</em> XVId: 129-148, pls. 9-10.
page(s): 3 [details]   

additional source Döderlein, L. 1901. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Zoologischer Anzeiger 24: 351–360.
page(s): 354, 357, 358, 359 [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1906). Three new Fungiae, with a description of a specimen of Fungia granulosa Klunzinger and a note on a specimen of Fungia concinna Verrill. <em>Proceedings of the United States National Museum.</em> 30: 827-832.
page(s): 827, 831 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T. (1941). Recent reef-building corals from Japan and the South Sea Islands under the Japanese mandate. II. <em>The Science reports of the Tôhoku, Imperial University, Sendai, 2nd Series (Geologie).</em> Special Volume 2: 67-91, pls. 60-104.
page(s): 80 [details]   

additional source Wells JW. (1955). Recent and subfossil corals of Moreton Bay, Queensland. <em>Queensland. University of Queensland Papers, Department of Geology.</em> 4 (10): 1-18, pls. 1-3.
page(s): 5 [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1940). Madreporaria from the Togian Reefs (Gulf of Tomini, North-Celebes. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 22: 265-310.
page(s): 271, 294, 295 [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1939). Madreporaria from the Bay of Batavia. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 22: 1-64.
page(s): 8, 9, 15, 18, 20, 44, 45 [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1907). Recent Madreporaria of the Hawaiian Islands and Laysan. <em>US National Museum Bulletin.</em> 59 (9): 1-427.
page(s): 121, 122, 125, 126, 128, 419, 420 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T. (1935). Revised list of the reef-corals from the Japanese seas and of the fossil reef corals of the raised reefs and the Ryukyu limestone of Japan. <em>Journal of the Geological Society of Japan.</em> 42: 379-403.
page(s): 384, 386, 387 [details]   

additional source Crossland C (1952) Madreporaria, Hydrocorallinae, Heliopora and Tubipora. Scientific Report Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-29 VI(3): 85-257.
page(s): 91 [details]   

additional source Matthai G (1924) Report on the madreporarian corals in the collection of the Indian Museum, Calcutta. Memoirs of the Indian Museum 8: 1-59. [details]   

additional source Faustino LA. (1927). Recent Madreporaria of the Philippine Islands. <em>Bureau of Science Manila Monograph.</em> 22: 1-310, pls. 1-100.
page(s): 15, 40, 183-184 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 29, 83 [details]   

additional source Boshoff, P.H. (1981). An annotated checklist of Southern Africa Scleractinia. <em>Oceanographic Research Institute Investigational Report, Durban.</em> 49: 1-45.
page(s): 22 [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1924). Report on Plistocene and Pliocene corals from Ceram. <em>Geological, Petrographical, and Paleontological Results of explorations carried out from September 1917 till June 1919 in the island of Ceram, Second Series: Palaeontology.</em> 1: 1-22, map, pls. 1-2. [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume II: Families Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae, Euphyllidae, Oculinidae, Meandrinidae, Siderastreidae, Agariciidae, Fungiidae, Rhizangiidae, Pectiniidae, Merulinidae, Dendrophylliidae, Caryophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 2, pp. 429.
page(s): 268-269 [details]   

additional source Ryland, J. S. (1981). Reefs of southwest Viti Levu and their tourism potential. Proceedings of the Fourth International Coral Reef Symposium, 1, 293-298
page(s): 296 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Molina, M.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Palmyra Atoll coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2002, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2000-2001, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 8]. UNPUBLISHED, UNPUBLISHED [details]   

additional source Harrison, R. M.; Poole, M. (1909). Marine fauna from the Kerimba Archipelago, Portuguese East Africa, collected by Jas. J. Simpson, M.A., B.Sc., and R. N. Rudmose-Brown, BSc., University of Aberdeen: Madreporaria. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 3, 913-917
page(s): 914 [details]   

additional source Boschma, H. (1923). Knospung und verwandte Erscheinungen bei Fungia fungites und Fungia actiniformis. Treubia, 3, 149-179 (plates 7-19)
page(s): 149, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 160, 161, 163, 165, 169, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, Plate 7, Plate 8, Plate 9, Plate 10, Plate 11, Plate 12, Plate 13, Plate 14, Plate 15, Plate 18, Plate 19 [details]   

additional source Wells JW. (1954). Recent corals of the Marshall Islands: Bikini and nearby atolls, part 2, oceanography (biologic). <em>U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper.</em> 260(I): 385-486.
page(s): 400, 448, Pl. 158 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1983). Structure and generic diversity of recent Scleractinia of India. <em>Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India.</em> 25, 1-2, 78-90.
page(s): 86 [details]   

additional source Harrison, R. M.; Poole, M. (1909). Marine fauna from the Mergui Archipelago, Lower Burma, collected by Jas J. Simpson, M.A., B.Sc, and R. N. Rudmose-Brown, B.Sc., University of Aberdeen: Madreporaria. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 61, 897-912
page(s): 901 [details]   

additional source Boschma, H. (1929). The Fungidæ (Anthozoa) collected by Mr. Cyril Crossland at Tahiti and neighbouring islands. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 43-47
page(s): 45, 46 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 62, 81, 111 [details]   

additional source Dunn, D.F., 1970. Some observations on marine life at Pulau Aur, Johore. Malay. Nat. J. 23 : 158-167.
page(s): 162 [details]   

additional source Hoffmeister, J.E. (1925). Some corals from America Samoa and the Fiji Islands. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 22: 1-90, pls. 1-23.
page(s): 8, 10, 11, 12, 33-34 [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1918). Some shallow-water corals from Murray Island (Australia), Cocos-Keeling Island, and Fanning Island. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 9 (213): 49-234, pls. 20-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 33 [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. haimei Verrill, 1864) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. haimei Verrill, 1864) UAZM, geounit Singaporean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. agariciformis Lamarck, 1801) UAZM, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. dentata Dana, 1846) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. dentata Dana, 1846) UAZM, geounit American Samoa Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. dentata Dana, 1846) UAZM, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. dentata Dana, 1846) UAZM, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. dentata Dana, 1846) UAZM, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. dentata Dana, 1846) USNM, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. confertifolia Dana, 1846) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. confertifolia Dana, 1846) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. confertifolia Dana, 1846) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. confertifolia Dana, 1846) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. confertifolia Dana, 1846) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. confertifolia Dana, 1846) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. confertifolia Dana, 1846) UAZM, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) MNB [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) RMNH, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) UAZM, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. incisa Döderlein, 1902) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. stylifera Döderlein, 1902) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. insularis Nemenzo, 1955) MSI C-126 [details]
Nontype (of Fungia fungites var. lucapensis Nemenzo, 1955) MSI C-125 [details]
Nontype (of Fungia (Fungia) fungites (Linnaeus, 1758)) HLD X2: 136-10, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia (Fungia) fungites (Linnaeus, 1758)) HLD X2: 136-12, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia (Fungia) fungites (Linnaeus, 1758)) HLD X2: 136-26, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia (Fungia) fungites (Linnaeus, 1758)) HLD X2: 146-7, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Fungia (Fungia) fungites (Linnaeus, 1758)) TUIO-C C-610, geounit Chinese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MSI C-590, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MSI C-79, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8585, geounit Eritrean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8586, geounit Eritrean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8587, geounit Eritrean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8894, geounit Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8895, geounit Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8896, geounit Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8897, geounit Kenyan Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR I/414/E3 [details]
Nontype NMSR I/516/E3 [details]
Nontype NMSR K 40 [details]
Nontype NMSR K 42 [details]
Nontype NMSR K 44 [details]
Nontype NMSR K 45 [details]
Nontype NMSR K 47 [details]
Nontype NMSR K 48 [details]
Nontype RMNH [details]
Nontype RMNH [details]
Nontype RMNH, geounit American Samoa Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH, geounit Madagascan Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype UAZM, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype UAZM, geounit Singaporean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 186-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 187-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 194-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 19-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 202-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 20-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 207-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 215-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 216-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 219-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 222-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 226-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 22-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 236-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 263-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 306-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 352-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 361-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 371-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 388-80, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 39-59, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 403-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 404-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 405-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 40-59, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 523-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 524-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 533-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 915-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 930-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Unknown type (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IMC mrt-64, geounit Myanmar Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IMC mrt-68, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Fungia patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IMC Zev 7417/7, geounit Mauritian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Fungia dentata Dana, 1846) MZUS, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Fungia dentata Dana, 1846) MZUS, geounit Samoan Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Fungia dentata Dana, 1846) MZUS, geounit Singaporean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type IMC [details]
Unknown type IMC mrt-19, geounit Myanmar Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type IMC mrt-62, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type IMC mrt-67, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type IMC Zev 7377/7 [details]
Unknown type IMC, geounit Egyptian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type IMC, geounit Myanmar Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type IMC, geounit Myanmar Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Corals are circular. Septa have triangular, small teeth, and costae have regular, tall and smooth spines. Coralla reach over 30 cm across and are slightly arched. The species is very common in sandy, rubble and hard substrate areas, down to at least 35 m deep. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Corals are circular or subcircular, up to 280 mm in diameter. Septal teeth are triangular, pointed, coral spines are tall, smooth and conical. Colour: Brown, sometimes mottles. Abundance: Very common. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]

Type locality Red Sea (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English mushroom coraldisc coral  [details]
German Pilzkoralle  [details]
Japanese シタザラクサビライシ  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE105closeup)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE105verycloseup)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE121closeup)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE121wholecolony)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 023477)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally]