WoRMS taxon details

Discosoma Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828

267394  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:267394)

accepted
Genus

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  1. Species Discosoma album (Forsskål, 1775)
  2. Species Discosoma carlgreni (Watzl, 1922)
  3. Species Discosoma dawydoffi Carlgren, 1943
  4. Species Discosoma fowleri (den Hartog, 1980)
  5. Species Discosoma fungiforme (Verrill, 1869)
  6. Species Discosoma molle (Couthouy in Dana, 1846)
  7. Species Discosoma neglecta (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860)
  8. Species Discosoma nummiforme Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828
  9. Species Discosoma rubraoris Saville-Kent, 1893
  10. Species Discosoma unguja Carlgren, 1900
  11. Species Discosoma viridescens (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
  12. Species Discosoma albus (Forsskål, 1775) accepted as Discosoma album (Forsskål, 1775)
  13. Species Discosoma ambonensis Kwietniewski, 1898 accepted as Stichodactyla tapetum (Hemprich & Ehrenberg in Ehrenberg, 1834)
  14. Species Discosoma anemone Ellis accepted as Homostichanthus duerdeni Carlgren, 1900
  15. Species Discosoma anemone (Ellis) accepted as Stichodactyla helianthus (Ellis, 1768)
  16. Species Discosoma aster accepted as Actinia aster Ellis, 1768
  17. Species Discosoma brevicirrhata accepted as Actinia brevicirrhata Risso, 1827 accepted as Cereus pedunculatus (Pennant, 1777)
  18. Species Discosoma denticulosa accepted as Corynactis denticulosa (Le Sueur, 1817)
  19. Species Discosoma fenestrafera (Dunn & Hamner, 1980) accepted as Amplexidiscus fenestrafer Dunn & Hamner, 1980
  20. Species Discosoma fuegiensis (Dana) accepted as Antholoba achates (Drayton in Dana, 1846)
  21. Species Discosoma gigantea accepted as Stichodactyla gigantea (Forsskål, 1775)
  22. Species Discosoma giganteum accepted as Stichodactyla gigantea (Forsskål, 1775)
  23. Species Discosoma haddoni Saville-Kent, 1893 accepted as Stichodactyla haddoni (Saville-Kent, 1893)
  24. Species Discosoma helianthus (Ellis, 1768) accepted as Stichodactyla helianthus (Ellis, 1768)
  25. Species Discosoma howesi accepted as Rhodactis howesii Saville-Kent, 1893
  26. Species Discosoma howesii (Saville-Kent, 1893) accepted as Rhodactis howesii Saville-Kent, 1893
  27. Species Discosoma indosinesis accepted as Rhodactis indosinensis Carlgren, 1943
  28. Species Discosoma kenti Haddon & Shackleton, 1893 accepted as Stichodactyla gigantea (Forsskål, 1775)
  29. Species Discosoma macrodactylum Haddon & Shackleton, 1893 accepted as Radianthus crispa (Hemprich & Ehrenberg in Ehrenberg, 1834)
  30. Species Discosoma malu Haddon & Shackleton, 1893 accepted as Heteractis malu (Haddon & Shackleton, 1893) accepted as Radianthus malu (Haddon & Shackleton, 1893)
  31. Species Discosoma neglecta (Fowler, 1888) accepted as Discosoma fowleri (den Hartog, 1980)
  32. Species Discosoma nummiforma Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828 accepted as Discosoma nummiforme Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828
  33. Species Discosoma rhodostoma (Hemprich & Ehrenberg in Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Rhodactis rhodostoma (Hemprich & Ehrenberg in Ehrenberg, 1834)
  34. Species Discosoma rubra-oris Saville-Kent, 1893 accepted as Discosoma rubraoris Saville-Kent, 1893
  35. Species Discosoma sanctithomae (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) accepted as Rhodactis osculifera (Le Sueur, 1817)
  36. Species Discosoma tapetum (Hemprich & Ehrenberg in Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Stichodactyla tapetum (Hemprich & Ehrenberg in Ehrenberg, 1834)
  37. Species Discosoma torpida (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1861) accepted as Rhodactis osculifera (Le Sueur, 1817)
  38. Species Discosoma tuberculata Kwietniewski, 1898 accepted as Radianthus crispa (Hemprich & Ehrenberg in Ehrenberg, 1834)
  39. Species Discosoma yuma Carlgren, 1900 accepted as Ricordea yuma (Carlgren, 1900) (synonym)
  40. Species Discosoma bryoides (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  41. Species Discosoma dianthus (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  42. Species Discosoma inchoata (uncertain > nomen dubium)
marine, terrestrial
Rüppell, E.; Leuckart, F. S. (1828). Atlas zu der Reise im Nördlichen Afrika von Eduard Rüppell, Neue Wirbellose Thiere des Rothen Meers. Heinr. Ludw. Brvnner. Frankfurt am Main., pp. 47.
page(s): 3 [details]   
Daly, M.; Fautin, D.G. (2013). World List of Corallimorpharia. Discosoma Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=267394 on 2024-04-22
Date
action
by
2008-01-14 11:18:07Z
created
2012-01-02 11:48:42Z
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original description Rüppell, E.; Leuckart, F. S. (1828). Atlas zu der Reise im Nördlichen Afrika von Eduard Rüppell, Neue Wirbellose Thiere des Rothen Meers. Heinr. Ludw. Brvnner. Frankfurt am Main., pp. 47.
page(s): 3 [details]   

original description  (of Actinodiscus de Blainville, 1830) de Blainville, H. M. (1830). Zoophytes. In: Dictionnaire des sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traitre méthodiquement des differéns êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'après l'état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement à l'utlité qu'en peuvent retirer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Edited by F. G. Levrault. Tome 60. Paris, Le Normat. Pp. 548, pls. 68. <em>Paris, 1830.</em> 60 : 1-546., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25318344
page(s): 287 [details]   

original description  (of Phialactis Fowler, 1888) Fowler, G. H. (1888). Two new types of Actiniaria. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 29, 2, 143-152
page(s): 148-151 [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   

additional source Cuvier, G. 1863. The Animal Kingdom Arranged According to its Organization. Henry G. Bohn, London.
page(s): 672 [details]   

additional source Moseley H.N. 1877. On new forms of Actiniaria dredged in the deep sea; with a description of certain pelagic surface-swimming species.Transactions of the Linnean Society (London) Ser. 2. 1(5):295-305
page(s): 301 [details]   

additional source Andres, A. (1884). Le attinie. Volume primo, contente bibliografia, introduzione e specigrafia. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81386
page(s): 280-281 [details]   

additional source Fenner, D. P. (2005). Corals of Hawai'i. A Field Guide to the Hard, Black, and Soft Corals of Hawai'i and the Northwest Hawaiian Islands, Including Midway. <em>Mutual Publishing, Ltd., Honolulu.</em> 144 pp.
page(s): 28, 94 [details]   

additional source den Hartog, J. C. (1980). Caribbean Shallow Water Corallimorpharia. Zoologische Verhandelingen, (176): 83 pp.
page(s): 37 [details]   

additional source den Hartog, J. C.; Ocaña, O.; Brito, A. (1993). Corallimorpharia collected during the CANCAP expeditions (1976-1986) in the south-eastern part of the North Atlantic. Zoologische Verhandelingen, 282, 3-76
page(s): 47 [details]   

additional source Andres, A. (1883). Le Attinie (Monografia). Coi Tipi der Salviucci. Roma., volume 1 (Bibliografia, introduzione e specigrafia), pp. 460.
page(s): 280-281 [details]   

additional source Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Ates, R. M. L. (1994). Corallimorpharia intermediates between sea anemones and stony corals. Aquarium Frontiers, 23-28
page(s): 27 [details]   

additional source Forbes, E. (1840). On the British Actiniadae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 5, 180-184
page(s): 182 [details]   

additional source Verrill, A. E. (1868-1870). Review of the corals and polyps of the west coast of America. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 1, 6, 377-558.
page(s): 462 [details]   

additional source Hertwig, R. (1882). Die Actinien der Challenger Expedition. Gustav Fischer. Jena., pp. 119.
page(s): 18, 19, 20 [details]   

additional source Hertwig, R. (1882). Report on the Actiniaria dredged by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of the H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76 (Zoology), 6(1): 1-136
page(s): 21-23 [details]   

additional source Schlichter, D. (1975). Produktion oder Übernahme von Schutzstoffen als Ursache des Nesselschutzes von Anemonenfischen?. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 20, 49-61
page(s): 51 [details]   

additional source Duerden, J. E. (1898). On the relations of certain Stichodactylinae to the Madreporaria. Journal of the Linnean Society of London (Zoology), 26, 635-653
page(s): 640 [details]   

additional source Fishelson, L. (1965). Observations and experiments on the Red Sea anemones and their symbiotic fish Amphiprion bicinctus. Bulletin of the Israel Sea Fisheries Research Stations (Haifa), 39, 1-14
page(s): 3 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Molina, M.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Palmyra Atoll coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2002, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2000-2001, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 8]. UNPUBLISHED, UNPUBLISHED [details]   

additional source Tu, H.; Xiong, Q.; Zhen, S.; Zhong, X.; Peng, L.; Chen, H.; Jiang, X.; Liu, W.; Yang, W.; Wei, J.; Dong, M.; Wu, W.; Xu, A. (2003). A naturally enhanced green fluorescent protein from magnificent sea anemone (Heteractis magnifica) and its functional analysis. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 301, 879-885
page(s): 879, 881 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Schmerfeld, J. (2004). Coral survey from Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge, 1998-2004 [Table 3]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E. (2004). Baker Island coral data [Table unnumbered]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Daly, M.; Lipscomb, D. L.; Allard, M. W. (2002). A simple test: evaluating explanations for the relative simplicity of the Edwardsiidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). Evolution, 56(3): 502-510
page(s): 503, 505, 506, fig. 1, fig. 2 [details]   

additional source Eibl-Eibesfeldt, I. (1965). Land of a Thousand Atolls: A Study of Marine Life in the Maldive and Nicobar Islands. The World Publishing Company. Cleveland., pp. 194.
page(s): 124 [details]   

additional source Brugler, M. R.; France, S. C. (2007). The complete mitochondrial genome of the black coral Chrysopathes formosa (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Antipatharia) supports classification of antipatharians within the subclass Hexacorallia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 42, 776-788
page(s): 778, 782, 784, 785 [details]   

additional source Medina, M.; Collins, A. G.; Takaoka, T. L.; Kuehl, J. V.; Boore, J. L. (2006). Naked corals: skeleton loss in Scleractinia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103(24): 9096-9100
page(s): 9097 [details]   

additional source Kokshoorn, B.; Goud, J.; Gittenberger, E. (2007). Epitoniid parasites (Gastropoda, Caenogastropoda, Epitoniidae) and their host sea anemones (Cnidaria, Actiniaria, Ceriantharia) in the Spermonde archipelago, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Basteria, 71, 33-56
page(s): 48, 52 [details]   

additional source Gasparini, J. L.; Floeter, S. R.; Ferreira, C. E. L.; Sazima, I. (2005). Marine ornamental trade in Brazil. Biodiversity and Conservation, 14, 2883-2899
page(s): 2896 [details]   

additional source Andres, A. (1883). Le Attinie. Atti dell' Accademia de Lincei, 14, 3, Memorie, 211-673
page(s): 480, 488-489, 639 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
LanguageName 
English disc corallimorphsdisc anemones  [details]
German Scheibenanemonen  [details]