WoRMS taxon details

Axinella Schmidt, 1862

131774  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131774)

accepted
Genus
Axinella polypoides Schmidt, 1862 (type by subsequent designation)
Axidragma Hallmann, 1917 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Axinosia Hallmann, 1914 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Chalinissa Lendenfeld, 1887 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Pseudaxinella Schmidt, 1875 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Querciclona de Laubenfels, 1936 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Teichaxinella de Laubenfels, 1936 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Tragosia Gray, 1867 · unaccepted (junior synonym)

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  1. Species Axinella acanthelloides Pattanayak, 2006
  2. Species Axinella alba (Descatoire, 1966)
  3. Species Axinella alborana Sitjà & Maldonado, 2014
  4. Species Axinella amorpha Tanita & Hoshino, 1989
  5. Species Axinella anamesa (de Laubenfels, 1957)
  6. Species Axinella antarctica (Koltun, 1964)
  7. Species Axinella arborescens Ridley & Dendy, 1886
  8. Species Axinella arctica (Vosmaer, 1885)
  9. Species Axinella aruensis (Hentschel, 1912)
  10. Species Axinella australiensis Bergquist, 1970
  11. Species Axinella babici Vacelet, 1961
  12. Species Axinella badungensis Alvarez, de Voogd & van Soest, 2016
  13. Species Axinella balinensis Alvarez, de Voogd & van Soest, 2016
  14. Species Axinella bidderi Burton, 1959
  15. Species Axinella blanca Koltun, 1959
  16. Species Axinella brevistyla (Hoshino, 1981)
  17. Species Axinella brondstedi Bergquist, 1970
  18. Species Axinella bubarinoides Dendy, 1922
  19. Species Axinella cannabina (Esper, 1794)
  20. Species Axinella centrotylota Pansini, 1984
  21. Species Axinella ceylonensis (Dendy, 1905)
  22. Species Axinella cinnamomea (Nardo, 1833)
  23. Species Axinella clathrata Dendy, 1897
  24. Species Axinella columna Sim, Kim & Byeon, 1990
  25. Species Axinella convexa Hoshino, 1981
  26. Species Axinella copiosa Thiele, 1898
  27. Species Axinella cornua Sim, Kim & Byeon, 1990
  28. Species Axinella coronata Bertolino, Costa & Pansini, 2020
  29. Species Axinella corrugata (George & Wilson, 1919)
  30. Species Axinella crassa (Carter, 1885)
  31. Species Axinella crinita Thiele, 1905
  32. Species Axinella cylindratus Hoshino, 1981
  33. Species Axinella cylindrica Bertolino, Costa & Pansini, 2020
  34. Species Axinella damicornis (Esper, 1794)
  35. Species Axinella digitiformis Lehnert & van Soest, 1996
  36. Species Axinella dissimilis (Bowerbank, 1866)
  37. Species Axinella donnani (Bowerbank, 1873)
  38. Species Axinella dragmaxioides Burton, 1959
  39. Species Axinella egregia sensu Topsent, 1892
  40. Species Axinella elegans (Dendy, 1924)
  41. Species Axinella estacioi Carballo & Garcia-Gomez, 1995
  42. Species Axinella flabelloreticulata Burton, 1959
  43. Species Axinella flustra Topsent, 1892
  44. Species Axinella globula Brøndsted, 1924
  45. Species Axinella guiteli Topsent, 1896
  46. Species Axinella halichondrioides Dendy, 1905
  47. Species Axinella hispida Koltun, 1959
  48. Species Axinella incrustans Thiele, 1898
  49. Species Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759)
  50. Species Axinella kirki Dendy, 1897
  51. Species Axinella kurushima Van Soest, 2024
  52. Species Axinella labyrinthica Dendy, 1889
  53. Species Axinella lamellata (Dendy, 1905)
  54. Species Axinella lesueuri Topsent, 1932
  55. Species Axinella lifouensis Lévi & Lévi, 1983
  56. Species Axinella loribellae Alvarez & Hooper, 2009
  57. Species Axinella macrostyla Babiç, 1922
  58. Species Axinella mahonensis Ferrer-Hernandez, 1916
  59. Species Axinella manus Dendy, 1905
  60. Species Axinella massalis Burton, 1959
  61. Species Axinella meandroides Alvarez, van Soest & Rützler, 1998
  62. Species Axinella meloniformis Carter, 1885
  63. Species Axinella minor Thomas, 1981
  64. Species Axinella minuta Lévi, 1957
  65. Species Axinella natalensis (Kirkpatrick, 1903)
  66. Species Axinella nayaritensis Carballo, Bautista-Guerrero & Cruz-Barraza, 2018
  67. Species Axinella parva Picton & Goodwin, 2007
  68. Species Axinella perlucida Topsent, 1896
  69. Species Axinella pilifera Carter, 1885
  70. Species Axinella plumosa (Lévi & Lévi, 1983)
  71. Species Axinella polycapella de Laubenfels, 1953
  72. Species Axinella polypoides Schmidt, 1862
  73. Species Axinella pomponiae Alvarez, van Soest & Rützler, 1998
  74. Species Axinella profunda Ridley & Dendy, 1886
  75. Species Axinella proliferans Ridley, 1884
  76. Species Axinella pseudominuta Bibiloni, 1993
  77. Species Axinella pyramidata Stephens, 1916
  78. Species Axinella quercifolia (Keller, 1889)
  79. Species Axinella richardsoni Bergquist, 1970
  80. Species Axinella salicina Schmidt, 1868
  81. Species Axinella setosa Hentschel, 1929
  82. Species Axinella shoemakeri (de Laubenfels, 1936)
  83. Species Axinella sinoxea Alvarez & Hooper, 2009
  84. Species Axinella solenoeides de Laubenfels, 1957
  85. Species Axinella spatula Sitjà & Maldonado, 2014
  86. Species Axinella symbiotica Whitelegge, 1907
  87. Species Axinella tenuidigitata Dendy, 1905
  88. Species Axinella tenuis Thiele, 1898
  89. Species Axinella torquata Brøndsted, 1924
  90. Species Axinella trichophora Hentschel, 1929
  91. Species Axinella vaceleti Pansini, 1984
  92. Species Axinella vasonuda Topsent, 1904
  93. Species Axinella vellerea Topsent, 1904
  94. Species Axinella ventilabrum Burton, 1959
  95. Species Axinella venusta Idan, Shefer, Feldstein & Ilan, 2021
  96. Species Axinella vermiculata Whitelegge, 1907
  97. Species Axinella verrucosa (Esper, 1794)
  98. Species Axinella villosa Carter, 1885
  99. Species Axinella waltonsmithi (de Laubenfels, 1953)
  100. Species Axinella weltnerii (Lendenfeld, 1897)
  101. Subgenus Axinella (Homaxinella) Topsent, 1916 accepted as Axinella Schmidt, 1862
    1. Species Axinella (Homaxinella) arborescens Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Axinella arborescens Ridley & Dendy, 1886
  102. Subgenus Axinella (Stylissa) Hallmann, 1914 accepted as Axinella Schmidt, 1862
    1. Species Axinella (Stylissa) donnani (Bowerbank, 1873) accepted as Axinella donnani (Bowerbank, 1873)
  103. Species Axinella acanthifera George & Wilson, 1919 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) acanthifera (George & Wilson, 1919) (genus transfer)
  104. Species Axinella acerata Carter, 1885 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) stelliderma (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  105. Species Axinella agariciformis (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Dragmacidon agariciforme (Dendy, 1905) (genus transfer)
  106. Species Axinella agnata Topsent, 1896 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) agnata (Topsent, 1896) (genus transfer)
  107. Species Axinella appressa Verrill, 1907 accepted as Ptilocaulis walpersii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  108. Species Axinella atropurpurea Carter, 1885 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) atropurpurea (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
  109. Species Axinella aurantiaca Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Ceratopsion aurantiacum (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
  110. Species Axinella axifera Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Adreus axifer (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer and agreement in gender)
  111. Species Axinella balfourensis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Homaxinella balfourensis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  112. Species Axinella barleei (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Clathria (Clathria) barleei (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
  113. Species Axinella bookhouti Wells, Wells & Gray, 1960 accepted as Axinella polycapella de Laubenfels, 1953 (junior synonym)
  114. Species Axinella calyciformis (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Axinella arctica (Vosmaer, 1885) (synonym)
  115. Species Axinella carteri (Dendy, 1889) accepted as Stylissa carteri (Dendy, 1889) (genus transfer)
  116. Species Axinella chalinoides Carter, 1885 accepted as Echinoclathria chalinoides (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
  117. Species Axinella cladoflagellata Carter, 1886 accepted as Echinoclathria chalinoides (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  118. Species Axinella clava Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Rhizaxinella clava (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
  119. Species Axinella coccinea Carter, 1886 accepted as Iotrochota coccinea (Carter, 1886) (genus transfer)
  120. Species Axinella colvillii Brøndsted, 1924 accepted as Ciocalypta tyleri Bowerbank, 1873 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  121. Species Axinella conulosa (Dendy, 1922) accepted as Stylissa conulosa (Dendy, 1922) (genus transfer & Synonym)
  122. Species Axinella crassistylifera (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Phakellia crassistylifera Dendy, 1905
  123. Species Axinella cristagalli Maas, 1894 accepted as Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
  124. Species Axinella distorta (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Axinella dissimilis (Bowerbank, 1866) (junior synonym)
  125. Species Axinella durissima (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Dragmacidon durissimum (Dendy, 1905) (genus transfer)
  126. Species Axinella echidnaea sensu Ridley, 1884 accepted as Reniochalina stalagmitis Lendenfeld, 1888 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  127. Species Axinella egregia (Ridley, 1881) accepted as Dragmacidon egregium (Ridley, 1881) (genus transfer)
  128. Species Axinella elongata (Lendenfeld, 1887) accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 (genus transfer)
  129. Species Axinella erecta (Carter, 1876) accepted as Acanthella erecta (Carter, 1876) (genus transfer)
  130. Species Axinella euctimena (Hentschel, 1912) accepted as Phakettia euctimena (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
  131. Species Axinella fibrosa Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Dragmacidon fibrosum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  132. Species Axinella flabellata Carter, 1885 accepted as Sigmaxinella flabellata (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
  133. Species Axinella foveolaria (Nardo, 1833) accepted as Axinella cannabina (Esper, 1794) (junior synonym)
  134. Species Axinella frondula Whitelegge, 1907 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) frondula (Whitelegge, 1907) (genus transfer)
  135. Species Axinella glabrata Burton, 1954 accepted as Hymeniacidon glabrata Burton, 1954 (junior synonym)
  136. Species Axinella gracilis Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) gracilis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
  137. Species Axinella hirondellei (Topsent, 1890) accepted as Phakellia hirondellei Topsent, 1890 (reverted genus transfer)
  138. Species Axinella hispida (Montagu, 1814) accepted as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) hispida (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
  139. Species Axinella lamellata Bergquist, 1961 accepted as Cymbastela lamellata (Bergquist, 1961) (genus transfer)
  140. Species Axinella lunaecharta Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Dragmacidon lunaecharta (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  141. Species Axinella mammillata Hanitsch, 1890 accepted as Polymastia spinula Bowerbank, 1866 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  142. Species Axinella mariana Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Raspailia (Raspaxilla) mariana (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  143. Species Axinella massa Carter, 1887 accepted as Stylissa massa (Carter, 1887) (genus transfer)
  144. Species Axinella mastigophora accepted as Phakellia radiata (Dendy, 1916) (erroneous authorship and misspelling)
  145. Species Axinella mastophora Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Acanthella mastophora (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
  146. Species Axinella mexicana de Laubenfels, 1935 accepted as Dragmacidon mexicanum (de Laubenfels, 1935) (genus transfer)
  147. Species Axinella microdragma (Lendenfeld, 1897) accepted as Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) (junior synonym)
  148. Species Axinella monticularis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Aulospongus monticularis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  149. Species Axinella multiformis (Vosmaer, 1885) accepted as Acanthella multiformis Vosmaer, 1885 (reverted genus transfer)
  150. Species Axinella nanaspiculata Hartman, 1955 accepted as Amphimedon nanaspiculata (Hartman, 1955) (genus transfer)
  151. Species Axinella oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) accepted as Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) (misapplied genus name)
  152. Species Axinella padina Topsent, 1896 accepted as Axinella flustra Topsent, 1892 (junior synonym)
  153. Species Axinella paradoxa Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Axinyssa paradoxa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  154. Species Axinella pedunculata Topsent, 1896 accepted as Auletta pedunculata (Topsent, 1896) (genus transfer)
  155. Species Axinella phrix (de Laubenfels, 1954) accepted as Phakettia phrix (de Laubenfels, 1954) (genus transfer)
  156. Species Axinella pocillum (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) (junior synonym)
  157. Species Axinella pumila Keller, 1889 accepted as Higginsia pumila (Keller, 1889) (genus transfer)
  158. Species Axinella pumila Babiç, 1922 accepted as Axinella minuta Lévi, 1957 (preoccupied)
  159. Species Axinella ramosa Burton, 1954 accepted as Ptilocaulis walpersii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  160. Species Axinella retepora (Lendenfeld, 1887) accepted as Echinoclathria retepora (Lendenfeld, 1887) (genus transfer)
  161. Species Axinella reticulata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  162. Species Axinella rosacea Verrill, 1907 accepted as Dragmacidon reticulatum (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer and status change)
  163. Species Axinella rudis Verrill, 1907 accepted as Ptilocaulis walpersii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  164. Species Axinella rugosa Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Ceratopsion rugosum (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
  165. Species Axinella rugosa (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Phakellia rugosa (Bowerbank, 1866)
  166. Species Axinella sanguinea Burton, 1933 accepted as Dragmacidon sanguineum (Burton, 1933) (genus transfer)
  167. Species Axinella setacea Carter, 1885 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) pinnatifida (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  168. Species Axinella sinclairi (Gray, 1843) accepted as Pararhaphoxya sinclairi (Gray, 1843) (genus transfer)
  169. Species Axinella solida Carter, 1885 accepted as Rhaphoxya solida (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
  170. Species Axinella spiculifera (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Ptilocaulis spiculifer (Lamarck, 1814)
  171. Species Axinella stelliderma Carter, 1885 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) stelliderma (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
  172. Species Axinella subdola (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Homaxinella subdola (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
  173. Species Axinella supratumescens Topsent, 1907 accepted as Homaxinella balfourensis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  174. Species Axinella symmetrica (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Phakellia symmetrica Dendy, 1905
  175. Species Axinella tenella Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) tenella (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
  176. Species Axinella thielei (Topsent, 1898) accepted as Higginsia thielei Topsent, 1898 (genus transfer)
  177. Species Axinella tricalyciformis Bergquist, 1970 accepted as Cymbastela lamellata (Bergquist, 1961) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  178. Species Axinella tuberosa (Topsent, 1928) accepted as Dragmacidon tuberosum Topsent, 1928 (genus transfer)
  179. Species Axinella tubulata (Bowerbank, 1873) accepted as Aulospongus tubulatus (Bowerbank, 1873)
  180. Species Axinella tubulosa Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Auletta tubulosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
  181. Species Axinella variabilis (Vosmaer, 1882) accepted as Semisuberites cribrosa (Miklucho-Maclay, 1870) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  182. Species Axinella vermiculata (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Bubaris vermiculata (Bowerbank, 1866)
  183. Species Axinella verrucosa Brøndsted, 1924 accepted as Axinella brondstedi Bergquist, 1970 (preoccupied)
  184. Species Axinella virgultosa Carter, 1887 accepted as Phakettia virgultosa (Carter, 1887) (genus transfer)
  185. Species Axinella inflata Lendenfeld, 1888 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  186. Species Axinella obtusa Lendenfeld, 1888 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  187. Species Axinella reticulata (Vio in Olivi, 1792) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 62-63 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Cárdenas, P.; Díaz, M.-C.; Dohrmann, M.; Downey, R.; Goodwin, C.; Hajdu, E.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Kelly, M.; Klautau, M.; Lim, S.C.; Manconi, R.; Morrow, C.; Pinheiro, U.; Pisera, A.B.; Ríos, P.; Rützler, K.; Schönberg, C.; Turner, T.; Vacelet, J.; van Soest, R.W.M.; Xavier, J. (2024). World Porifera Database. Axinella Schmidt, 1862. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131774 on 2024-06-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-07-26 10:32:29Z
changed
2007-08-10 14:08:54Z
changed
2018-10-09 07:23:24Z
changed
2020-12-16 10:32:25Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 62-63 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Pseudaxinella Schmidt, 1875) Schmidt, O. (1875). Spongien. Die Expedition zur physikalisch-chemischen und biologischen Untersuchung der Nordsee im Sommer 1872. <em>Jahresbericht der Commission zur Wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung der Deutschen Meere in Kiel.</em> 2-3: 115-120, pl. I. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Tragosia Gray, 1867) Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Axinosia Hallmann, 1914) Hallmann, E.F. (1914). A revision of the monaxonid species described as new in Lendenfeld's ‘Catalogue of the Sponges in the Australian Museum. Part I, II, III. <em>Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales.</em> 39: 263-315, 327-376, 398-446, pls XV-XXIV. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Chalinissa Lendenfeld, 1887) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1887). Die Chalineen des australischen Gebietes. <em>Zoologische Jahrbücher, Jena.</em> 2: 723-828, pls XVIII-XXVII.
page(s): 771 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Teichaxinella de Laubenfels, 1936) Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. <em>Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication.</em> 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22.
page(s): 128 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Axidragma Hallmann, 1917) Hallmann, E.F. (1917 [1916]). A revision of the genera with microscleres included, or provisionally included, in the family Axinellidae; with descriptions of some Australian species. Part III. <em>Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales.</em> 41 (164): 634-675, pls XXIX, figs 3, 5, 6; XXXIII, fig. 6; XXXVIII, figs 5-9.
page(s): 637-638 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Querciclona de Laubenfels, 1936) Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. <em>Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication.</em> 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22.
page(s): 46 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Cymbaxinella Gazave, Carteron, Chenuil, Richelle-Maurer, Boury-Esnault & Borchiellini, 2010) Gazave, E.; Carteron, S.; Chenuil, A.; Richelle-Maurer, E.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Borchiellini, C. (2010). Polyphyly of the genus <i>Axinella</i> and of the family Axinellidae (Porifera: Demospongiae). <em>Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.</em> 57, 35-47.
page(s): 44 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Alvarez, B.; Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Axinellidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 724-747. <em>In:</em> Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) <em>Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges</em>. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum, NY. 1708 + xlviii. ISBN 0-306-47260-0 (printed version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Alvarez, B.; Hooper, J.N.A. (2002 [2004]). Family Axinellidae Carter, 1875. Pp. 724-747. <i>In:</i> Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) <i>Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges</i>. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum, NY. 1708 + xlviii. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. <em>[Online Nomenclator Zoologicus at Checklistbank. Ubio link has gone].</em> , available online at https://www.checklistbank.org/dataset/126539/about [details]   

additional source Desqueyroux-Faúndez, R.; Stone, S.M. (1992). O. Schmidt Sponge Catalogue. An illustrated guide to the Graz Museum Collection, with notes on additional material. <em>Muséum d'Histoire naturelle: Geneva.</em> 1-190, pls 1-49. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
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Japanese チュウジクカイメン属  [details]