WoRMS taxon details

Anthopleura elegantissima (Brandt, 1835)

283347  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:283347)

marine, terrestrial
Not documented
Rodríguez, E.; Fautin, D; Daly, M. (2024). World List of Actiniaria. Anthopleura elegantissima (Brandt, 1835). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=283347 on 2024-05-29
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
2009-09-15 08:51:01Z
2015-10-13 10:34:41Z

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original description  (of Actinia (Taractostephanus) elegantissima Brandt, 1835) Brandt, J. F. (1834-1835). Prodromus descriptionis animalium ab H. Mertensio observatorum : fascic. I. Polypos, Acalephas Discophoras et Siphonophoras, nec non Echinodermata continens. <em>Recueil des Actes de la Séance Publique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg.</em> 1834: 201-275., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10765514
page(s): 13 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record den Hartog, J. C. & van der Land, J. (2000-2007). As a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fautin, D.G, Hickman, C. P. Jr., Daly, M., Molodtsova, T. 2007. Shallow-water sea anemones (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria) and tube anemones (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Ceriantharia) of the Galápagos Islands. Pacific Science 61(4): 549-573
page(s): 557 [details]   

additional source Hand, C. (1957). Another sea anemone from California and the types of certain Californian anemones. <em>Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences.</em> 47(12): 411-414., available online at http://biostor.org/reference/134287
page(s): 413 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hand, C.; Uhlinger, K. R. (1994). The Unique, Widely Distributed, Estuarine Sea Anemone, Nematostella vectensis Stephenson: A Review, New Facts, and Questions. Estuaries. 17(2): 501-508., available online at http://www.jstor.org/stable/1352679
page(s): 504-505 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Daly, M. (2004). Anatomy and Taxonomy of Three Species of Sea Anemones (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniidae) from the Gulf of California, Including Isoaulactinia hespervolita Daly, n. sp. <em>Pacific Science.</em> 58(3): 377-390., available online at https://doi.org/10.1353/psc.2004.0030
page(s): 381 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pearse, V., & Francis, L. (2000). Anthopleura sola, a new species, solitary sibling species to the aggregating sea anemone, A-elegantissima (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria: Actiniidae). <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 113(3), 596-608.
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additional source Hand, C. (1955). The sea anemones of central California Part II. The endomyarian and mesomyarian anemones. <em>Wasmann Journal of Biology.</em> 13: 37-99.
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additional source Goulet, T. L.; Cook, C. B.; Goulet, D. (2005). Effect of short-term exposure to elevated temperatures and light levels on photosynthesis of different host-symbiont combinations in the Aiptasia pallidal Symbiodinium symbiosis. Limnol. Oceanogr., 50(5): 1490-1498
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additional source Ottaway, J. R. (1979). Population Ecology of the Intertidal Anemone *Actinia tenebrosa.* II. * Geographical Distribution, Synonymy, Reproductive Cycle and Fecundity. <em>Australian Journal of Zoology.</em> 27(2), 273-290.
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additional source Smith, B. L.; Potts, D. C. (1987). Clonal and solitary anemones (Anthopleura) of western North America: population genetics and systematics. Marine Biology, 94, 537-546
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additional source England, K. W. (1987). Certain Actiniaria (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) from the Red Sea and tropical Indo-Pacific Ocean. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), 53(4): 205-292
page(s): 239 [details]   

additional source Fautin, D. G.; Hand, C. H. (2000). Metridium farcimen, the valid name of a common North Pacific sea anemone (Cnidaria: Actiniaria: Acontiaria). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 113(4): 1151-1161
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additional source Mathew, K. (1979). Studies on the biology of a sea anemone, Anthopleura nigrescens (Verrill) from the south west coast of India. Bulletin of the Department of Marine Sciences, University of Cochin, 10, 75-158
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additional source Carlgren, O. (1952). Actiniaria from North America. Arkiv für Zoologi, 3, 2, (30): 373-390
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additional source Chomsky, O.; Kamenir, Y.; Hyams, M.; Dubinsky, Z.; Chadwick-Furman, N. E. (2004). Effects of feeding regime on growth rate in the Mediterranean sea anemone Actinia equina (Linnaeus). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 299, 217-229
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additional source Dunn, D. F. (1981). The clownfish sea anemones: Stichodactylidae (Coelenterata: Actiniaria) and other sea anemones symbiotic with pomacentrid fishes. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 71, 1, 1-115
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additional source Dunn, D. F. (1974). Redescription of Anthopleura nigrescens (Coelenterata, Actiniaria) from Hawaii. Pacific Science, 28(4): 377-382
page(s): 381 [details]   

additional source Dunn, D. F. (1975). Reproduction of the externally brooding sea anemone Epiactis prolifera Verrill, 1869. Biological Bulletin, 148, 199-218
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additional source Fautin, D. G.; Kozloff, E. N.; Siebert, A. E. (1987). Phylum Cnidaria - Class Anthozoa. University of Washington Press. Seattle and London., pp. 68-78
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additional source Fautin, D. G.; Bucklin, A. (1988). Anthozoan dominated benthic environments. volume 3, pp. 231-236
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additional source Kostina, E. E. (1988). Biogeographical characteristics of sea anemones of the Pacific boreal region. Biologiya Morya, 1988(3): 14-21
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additional source Kostina, E. E. (1985). The distribution of some common species of sea anemones in the coastal zone of the Japan and Okhotsk Seas in relation to their habitat conditions. Biologiya Morya, 1985(1): 14-19
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additional source den Hartog, J. C. (1986). The Queen Scallop, Chlamys opercularis (L., 1758) (Bivalvia, Pectinidae), as a food item of the sea anemone Urticina eques (Gosse, 1860) (Actiniaria, Actiniidae). Basteria, 50, 87-92
page(s): 88 [details]   

additional source Carlos, A. A.; Baillie, B. K.; Kawachi, M.; Maruyama, T. (1999). Phylogenetic position of Symbiodinium (Dinophyceae) isolates from tridacnids (Bivalvia), cardiids (Bivalvia), a sponge (Porifera), a soft coral (Anthozoa), and a free-living strain. Journal of Phycology, 35, 1054-1062
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additional source Sebens, K. P.; Paine, R. T. (1978). Biogeography of anthozoans along the west coast of South America: habitat, disturbance, and prey availability. N. Z. D. S. I. R. Auckland, New Zealand., volume 1, pp. 219-237
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additional source Daly, M. (2003). The anatomy, terminology, and homology of acrorhagi and pseudoacrorhagi in sea anemones. Zoologische Verhandelingen, 345, 89-101
page(s): 95 [details]   

additional source McFadden, C. S.; Grosberg, R. K.; Cameron, B. B.; Karlton, D. P.; Secord, D. (1997). Genetic relationships within and between clonal and solitary forms of the sea anemone Anthopleura elegantissima revisited: evidence for the existence of two species. Marine Biology, 128, 127-139
page(s): 127-137 [details]   

additional source Fautin, D. G. (1988). Importance of nematocysts to actinian taxonomy. Academic Press, Inc., chapter 25, pp. 487-500
page(s): 491 [details]   

additional source Mariscal, R. N. (1969). The protection of the anemone fish, Amphiprion xanthurus, from the sea anemone, Stoichactis kenti. Experientia, 25, 1114
page(s): 1114 [details]   

additional source Robson, E. A. (2004). Cnidogenesis in the jewel anemone Corynactis californica (Carlgren, 1936) and C. viridis (Allman, 1846) (Anthozoa: Corallimorpharia). Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden, 78(27): 461-476
page(s): 463-465  [details]   

additional source Häussermann, V. (2004). Re-description of Phymactis papillosa (Lesson, 1830) and Phymanthea pluvia (Drayton in Dana, 1846) (Cnidaria: Anthozoa), two common actiniid sea anemones from the south east Pacific with a discussion of related genera. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden, 78, 23, 345-381
page(s): 374, 375 [details]   

additional source Bigger, C. H. (1980). Interspecific and intraspecific acrorhagial aggressive behavior among sea anemones: a recognition of self and not-self. Biological Bulletin, 159, 117-134
page(s): 117, 123, 129, 130 [details]   

additional source Bigger, C. H. (1982). The cellular basis of the aggressive acrorhagial response of sea anemones. Journal of Morphology, 173, 259-278
page(s): 260 [details]   

additional source Béress, L. (2004). Biologically active polypeptides of Anemonia sulcata-and of other sea anemones-tools in the study of exitable membrans. Toxin Reviews, 23(4): 451-466
page(s): 452, 453, 460 [details]   

additional source Honma, T.; Hasegawa, Y.; Ishida, M.; Nagai, H.; Nagashima, Y.; Shiomi, K. (2004). Isolation and molecular cloning of novel peptide toxins from the sea anemone Antheopsis maculata. Toxicon, 45, 33-41
page(s): 33, 38 [details]   

additional source Acuña, F. H.; Zamponi, M. O. (1995). Feeding ecology of intertidal sea anemones (Cnidaria, Actiniaria): food sources and trophic parameters. Biociências, 3(2): 73-84
page(s): 77 [details]   

additional source Acuña, F. H.; Zamponi, M. O. (1998). Estructura poblacional de Aulactinia marplatensis (Zamponi, 1977) y Aulactinia reynaudi (Milne-Edwards, 1857) (Actiniaria, Actiniidae) en Argentina. Biociências, 6(2): 13-33
page(s): 14 [details]   

additional source Acuña, F. H.; Zamponi, M. O. (1996). Ecología trófica de las anémonas intermareales Phymactis clematis Dana, 1849, Aulactinia marplatensis (Zamponi, 1977) y A. reynaudi (Milne-Edwards, 1857) (Actiniaria: Actiniidae): relaciones entre las anémonas y sus presas. Ciencias Marinas, 22(4): 397-413
page(s): 398, 412 [details]   

additional source Acuña, F. H. (1997). Ecología trófica de actiniarios (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) intermareales: selección de la Talla de las Presas. Physis (Buenos Aires), 53(124-125): 1-5
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additional source Cline, E. I.; Wolowyk, M. W. (1997). Cardiac stimulatory, cytotoxic and cytolytic activity of extracts of sea anemones. International Journal of Pharmacognosy, 35(2): 91-98
page(s): 91, 93-95 [details]   

additional source Klyshko, E. V.; Ilyna, A. P.; Monastyrnaya, M. M.; Burtseva, Y. V.; Kostina, E. E.; Zykova, T. A.; Menzorova, N. I.; Kozlovskaya, E. P. (2003). Biologically active polypeptides and hydrolytic enzymes in sea anemones of northern temperate waters. Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 29(3): 161-166
page(s): 164-165 [details]   

additional source Takahashi, M.; Higuchi, M.; Wada, S. (2003). Comparisons in distribution, reproduction and aggressive behavior between two sea anemones, Anthopleura uchidai and A. asiatica. Bulletin of Marine Science and Fisheries, Kochi University, (22): 53-60
page(s): 54, 58 [details]   

additional source Lewis, L. A.; Muller Parker, G. (2004). Phylogenetic placement of "zoochlorellae" (Chlorophyta), algal symbiont of the temperate sea anemone Anthopleura elegantissima. Biological Bulletin, 207, 87-92
page(s): 87-91 [details]   

additional source Diochot, S.; Baron, A.; Rash, L. D.; Deval, E.; Escoubas, P.; Scarzello, S.; Salinas, M.; Lazdunski, M. (2004). A new sea anemone peptide, APETx2, inhibits ASIC3, a major acid-sensitive channel in sensory neurons. EMBO Journal, 23, 1516-1525
page(s): 1516, 1517, 1522, 1523 [details]   

additional source Mariscal, R. N. (1972). Behavior of symbiotic fishes and sea anemones. Howard E. Winn and Bori L. Olla (eds.). Plenum Publishing Corporation. New York, chapter 9, volume 2, pp. 327-360
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additional source Boscolo, H. K.; Silveira, F. L. (2005). Reproductive biology of Palythoa caribaeorum and Protopalythoa variabilis (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Zoanthidea) from the southeastern coast of Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 65, 1, 29-41
page(s): 38 [details]   

additional source Gotshall, D. W. (2005). Guide to Marine Invertebrates: Alaska to Baja California. Sea Challengers. Monterey., edition 2nd (Revised), pp. 117.
page(s): 31 [details]   

additional source Hand, C. H. (1996). The alarm response and some predators of the sea anemone Anthopleura xanthogrammica (Brandt). Wasmann Journal of Biology, 51(1-2): 9-23
page(s): 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 20, 22 [details]   

additional source Yoshiyama, R. M.; Wallace, W. D.; Burns, J. L.; Knowlton, A. L.; Welter, J. R. (1996). Laboratory food choice by the mosshead sculpin, Clinocottus globiceps (Girard) (Teleostei, Cottidae), a predator of sea anemones. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 204, 23-42
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additional source Zamponi, M. O. (2003). La agresividad de las anémonas de mar (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Actiniaria) mediante las estructuras marginales denominadas acrorhagi. Revista Real Academia Galega de Ciencias, 22, 71-83
page(s): 81 [details]   

additional source Brugler, M. R.; France, S. C. (2007). The complete mitochondrial genome of the black coral Chrysopathes formosa (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Antipatharia) supports classification of antipatharians within the subclass Hexacorallia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 42, 776-788
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additional source Isomura, N.; Nishihira, M. (2006). Distribution of intertidal sea anemones in Mutsu Bay, northern Japan. Plankton and Benthos Research, 1, 4, 200-207
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additional source Scott, A.; Harrison, P. L. (2007). Broadcast spawning of two species of sea anemone, Entacmaea quadricolor and Heteractis crispa, that host anemonefish. Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, 50(3): 163-171
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additional source Sánchez-Rodríguez, J.; Cruz-Vazquez, K. (2006). Isolation and biological characterization of neurotoxic compounds from the sea anemone Lebrunia danae (Duchassaing and Michelotti, 1860). Archives of Toxicology, 80, 436-441
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additional source Excoffon, A. C.; Zamponi, M. O. (1991). La biologia reproductiva de Phymactis clematis Dana, 1849 (Actiniaria: Actiniidae): gametogenesis, periodos reproductivos, desarrollo embrionario y larval. Spheniscus, 9, 25-39
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additional source Lin, J.; Chen, C. P.; Chen, I. M. (1992). Sexual and asexual reproduction of Anthopleura dixoniana (Anthozoa: Actiniaria): periodicity and regulation. Marine Biology, 112, 91-98
page(s): 91, 96, 97 [details]   

additional source Zaharenko, A. J.; Ferreira, W. A.; Oliveira, J. S.; Richardson, M.; Pimenta, D. C.; Konno, K.; Portaro, F. C. V.; Freitas, J. C. (2008). Proteomics of the neurotoxic fraction from the sea anemone Bunodosoma cangicum venom: novel peptides belonging to new classes of toxins. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part D, 3, 219-225
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additional source Scott, A.; Harrison, P. L. (2008). Larval settlement and juvenile development of sea anemones that provide habitat for anemonefish. Marine Biology, 154(5): 833-839
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additional source Brooks, W. R.; Mariscal, R. N. (1985). Asexual reproduction by the symbiotic sea anemone Calliactis tricolor (Lesueur). Bulletin of Marine Science, 36(3): 432-435
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additional source Bates, A. E.; McLean, L.; Laing, P.; Raeburn, L. A.; Hare, C. (2010). Distribution patterns of zoochlorellae and zooxanthellae hosted by two Pacific northeast anemones, Anthopleura elegantissima and A. xanthogrammica. Biological Bulletin, 218, 237-247
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additional source Pang, K.; Matus, D. Q.; Martindale, M. Q. (2004). The ancestral role of COE genes may have been in chemoreception: evidence from the development of the sea anemone, Nematostella vectensis (Phylum Cnidaria, Class Anthozoa). Development, Genes and Evolution, 214, 134-138
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additional source Reimer, J. D.; Takishita, K.; Ono, S.; Maruyama, T.; Tsukahara, J. (2006). Latitudinal and intracolony ITS-rDNA sequence variation in the symbiotic dinoflagellate genus Symbiodinium (Dinophyceae) in Zoanthus sansibaricus (Anthozoa:Hexacorallia). Phycological Research, 54, 122-132
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additional source Kruger, L. M.; Griffiths, C. L. (1998). Sea anemones as secondary consumers on rocky shores in the south-western Cape, South Africa. Journal of Natural History, 32, 629-644
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additional source Day, R. J. (1994). Algal symbiosis in Bunodeopsis: sea anemones with "auxiliary" structures. Biological Bulletin, 186, 182-194
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additional source Eckelbarger, K. J.; Hand, C. H.; Uhlinger, K. R. (2008). Ultrastructural features of the trophonema and oogenesis in the starlet sea anemone, Nematostella vectensis (Edwardsiidae). Invertebrate Biology, 127(4): 3810395
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additional source Geller, J. B.; Fitzgerald, L. J.; King, C. E. (2005). Fission in sea anemones: Integrative studies of life cycle evolution. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 45, 615-622
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additional source Edmunds, P. J. (2007). Physiological ecology of the clonal corallimorpharian Corynactis californica. Marine Biology, 150, 783-796
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additional source Honma, T.; Shiomi, K. (2006). Peptide toxins in sea anemones: structural and functional aspects. Marine Biotechnology, 8, 1-10
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additional source Scott, A.; Harrison, P. L. (2007). Embryonic and larval development of the host sea anemones Entacmaea quadricolor and Heteractis crispa. Biological Bulletin, 213, 110-121
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additional source Daly, M.; Chaudhuri, A.; Gusmão, L.; Rodríguez, E. (2008). Phylogenetic relationships among sea anemones (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 48, 292-301
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additional source Sunagawa, S.; Choi, J.; Forman, H. J.; Medina, M. (2008). Hyperthermic stress-induced increase in the expression of glutamate-cysteine ligase and glutathione levels in the symbiotic sea anemone Aiptasia pallida. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B, 151, 133-138
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additional source Morales, L.; Acevedo, O.; Martínez, M.; Gokhman, D.Corredor, C. (2009). Functional discrimination of sea anemone neurotoxins using 3D-plotting. Central European Journal of Biology, 4(1): 41-49
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additional source Zamponi, M. O. (2000). Sintesis sobre la biologia reproductiva de los actiniarios intermareales de Mar del Plata (Argentina). Revista Real Academia Galega de Ciencias, 19, 43-53
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additional source Braga Gomes, P.; Zamponi, M. O.; Solé-Cava, A. M. (2003). Asexual reproduction and molecular systematics of the sea anemone Anthopleura krebsi (Actiniaria: Actiniidae). Revista de Biologia Tropical, 51, 1, 147-154
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additional source Muscatine, L.; Hand, C. H. (1958). Direct evidence for the transfer of materials from symbiotic algae to the tissues of a coelenterate. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 44(12): 1259-1263
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additional source Bachman, S.; Muller Parker, G. (2007). Viable algae released by the seastar Dermasterias imbricata feeding on the symbiotic sea anemone Anthopleura elegantissima. Marine Biology, 150, 369-375
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additional source Hasegawa, Y.; Honma, T.; Nagai, H.; Ishida, M.; Nagashima, Y.; Shiomi, K. (2006). Isolation and cDNA cloning of a potassium channel peptide toxin from the sea anemone Anemonia erythraea. Toxicon, 48, 536-542
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additional source Excoffon, A. C.; Zamponi, M. O. (1995). The reproductive biology of Tricnidactis errans (Actiniaria, Haliplanellidae) from rocky shore of Mar del Plata (Argentina). Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 36, 175-179
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additional source Verde, E. A.; McCloskey, L. R. (2007). A comparative analysis of the photobiology of zooxanthellae and zoochlorellae symbiotic with the temperate clonal anemone Anthopleura elegantissima (Brandt). III. Seasonal effects of natural light and temperature on photosynthesis and respiration. Marine Biology, 152, 775-792
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additional source Salceda, E.; Pérez-Castells, J.; López-Méndez, B.; Garateix, A.; Salazar, H.; López, O.; Aneiros, A.; Ständker, L.; Béress, L.; Forssmann, W.; Soto, E.; Jiménez-Barbero, J.; Giménez-Gallego, G. (2007). CgNa, a type I toxin from the giant Caribbean sea anemone Condylactis gigantea shows structural similarities to both type I and II toxins, as well as distinctive structural and functional properties. Biochemical Journal, 406, 67-76
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additional source Zhang, M.; Liu, X. S.; Diochot, S.; Lazdunski, M.; Tseng, G. N. (2007). APETx1 from sea anemone Anthopleura elegantissima is a gating modifier peptide toxin of the human Ether-a-go-go-related potassium channel. Molecular Pharmacology, 72(2): 259-268
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additional source Daly, M.; Gusmão, L.; Reft, A. J.; Rodríguez, E. (2010). Phylogenetic signal in mitochondrial and nuclear markers in sea anemones (Cnidaria, Actiniaria). Integrative and Comparative Biology, 50(3): 371-388
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additional source Lamb, A.; Hanby, B. P. (2005). Sea anemones, corals, hydroids, hydrocorals, jellies and others: Phylum Cnidaria (aka Coelenterata). Habour Publishing. Madeira Park, pp. 80-113
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additional source Chen, C.; Soong, K.; Chen, C. A. (2008). The smallest oocytes among broadcast-spawning actiniarians and a unique lunar reproductive cycle in a unisexual population of the sea anemone, Aiptasia pulchella (Anthozoa: Actiniaria). Zoological Studies, 47(1): 37-45
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additional source Sherman, C. D. H.; Peucker, A. J.; Ayre, D. J. (2007). Do reproductive tactics vary with habitat heterogeneity in the intertidal sea anemone Actinia tenebrosa?. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 340, 259-267
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additional source Williams, R. B. (1978). Some recent observations on the acrorhagi of sea anemones. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 58, 787-788
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additional source Leutenegger, A.; Kredel, S.; Gundel, S.; D Angelo, C.; Salih, A.; Wiedenmann, J. (2007). Analysis of fluorescent and non-fluorescent sea anemones from the Mediterranean Sea during a bleaching event. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 353, 221-234
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additional source Dunn, D. F.; Kashiwagi, M.; Norton, T. R. (1975). The origin of antitumour activity in sea anemones. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C, 50C, 133-135
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additional source Annett, C.; Pierotti, R. (1984). Foraging behavior and prey selection of the leather seastar Dermasterias imbricata. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 14, 197-206
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additional source Dunn, D. F.; Chia, F. S.; Levine, R. (1980). Nomenclature of Aulactinia (= Bunodactis), with description of Aulactinia incubans n. sp. (Coelenterata: Actiniaria), an internally brooding sea anemone from Puget Sound. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 58(11): 2071-2080
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additional source Dunn, D. F. (1982). Cnidaria. McGraw-Hill Book Company. New York and other cities., volume 1, pp. 669-706
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additional source Oliveira, J. S.; Zaharenko, A. J.; Ferreira, W. A.; Konno, K.; Shida, C. S.; Richardson, M.; Lúcio, A. D.; Beirão, P. S. L.; Freitas, J. C. (2006). BcIV, a new paralyzing peptide obtained from the venom of the sea anemone Bunodosoma caissarum. A comparison with Na+ channel toxin BcIII. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1764(10): 1592-1600
page(s): 1592, 1593, 1596, 1597, 1598 [details]   

additional source Geller, J. B.; Walton, E. D. (2001). Breaking up and getting together: evolution of symbiosis and cloning by fission in sea anemones (genus Anthopleura). Evolution, 55(9): 1781-1794
page(s): 1781, 1782, 1783, 1785, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1789, 1790, 1791 [details]   

additional source Muller Parker, G.; Pierce-Cravens, J.; Bingham, B. L. (2007). Broad thermal tolerance of the symbiotic dinoflagellate Symbiodinium muscatinei (Dinophyta) in the sea anemone Anthopleura elegantissima (Cnidaria) from northern latitudes. Journal of Phycology, 43, 1, 25-31
page(s): 25, 26, 27, 29, 30  [details]   

additional source Acuña, F. H.; Excoffon, A. C.; Ricci, L. (2007). Composition, biometry and statistical relationships between the cnidom and body size in the sea anemone Oulactis muscosa (Cnidaria: Actiniaria). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 87, 415-419
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additional source Christidis, J.; Chintiroglou, C. C.; Culley, M. B. (1997). A study of the populations of Calliactis parasitica (Couch, 1842) in symbiosis with anomuran decapods in Thermaikos Gulf (N. Aegean Sea). Crustaceana, 70(2): 227-238
page(s): 233, 236 [details]   

additional source Honma, T.; Kawahata, S.; Ishida, M.; Nagai, H.; Nagashima, Y.; Shiomi, K. (2008). Novel peptide proteins from the sea anemone Stichodactyla haddoni. Peptides, 29, 536-544
page(s): 536 [details]   

additional source Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Greenwood, P.G. & L.K. Garrity, 1991. Discharge of nematocysts isolated from aeloid nudibranchs. In: R.B. Williams, P.F.S. Cornelius, R.G. Hughes & E.A. Robson, eds, 1991. Coelenterate Biology: Recent research on Cnidaria and Ctenophora. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Coelenterate Biology, 1989. Hydrobiologia 216217 : 671-677.
page(s): 113-116, 118-120 [details]   

additional source Ross, D.M., 1974. Behavior patterns in associations and interactions with other animals. In: L. Muscatine & H.M. Lenhoff, eds, Coelenterate Biology. Reviews and new perspectives : 281-312.
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additional source Trench, R.K. & R.J. Blank. (1987). Symbiodinium microadriaticum Freudenthal, S. goreauii sp. nov., S. kawagutii sp. nov. and S. pilosum sp. nov.: gymnodinioid dinoflagellate symbionts of marine invertebrates. <em>J. Phycol.</em> 23: 469-481.
page(s): 471, 473, 477 [details]   

additional source Chintiroglou, C. & A. Koukouras, 1991. Observations on the feeding habits of Calliactis parasitica (Couch, 1842), Anthozoa, Cnidaria. Oceanologica Acta 14 4: 389-396.
page(s): 390 [details]   

additional source Ryland, J.S., Brasseur M.M., Lancaster J.E., 2004. Use of cnidae in taxonomy: implications from a study of Acrozoanthus australiae (Hexacorallia, Zoanthidea). Journal of Natural History 38 : 1193-1223.
page(s): 1196 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dayton, Paul K. 1971. Competition, disturbance, and community organization: the provision and subsequent utilization of space in a rocky intertidal community. Ecological Monographs 41: 351-389.
page(s): 351, 354, 358, 359, 360, 366, 372, 373 [details]   
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

Nontype CAS 116505 [details]
Nontype CAS 116506 [details]
Nontype CAS 116507 [details]

English clonal anemoneaggregating anemone  [details]
German SeeanemoneKlon-Anemone  [details]