WoRMS source details

Opresko, D.M. 2001. Revision of the Antipatharia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). Part I. Establishment of a new family, Myriopathidae. Zool. Med. Leiden 75 (17): 343-370
A new family of antipatharian corals, Myriopathidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Antipatharia), is established for Antipathes myriophylla Pallas and related species. The family is characterized by polyps 0.5 to 1.0 mm in transverse diameter; short tentacles with a rounded tip; acute, conical to blade-like spines up to 0.3 mm tall on the smallest branchlets or pinnules; and cylindrical, simple, forked or antler-like spines on the larger branches and stem. Genera are differentiated on the basis of morphological features of the corallum. Myriopathes gen. nov., tj^pe species Antipathes myriophylla Pallas, has two rows of primary pinnules, and uniserially arranged secondary pinnules. Tanacetipathes Opresko, type species T. tanacetum (Pourtalès), has bottle-brush pinnulation with four to six rows of primary pinnules and one or more orders of uniserial (sometimes biserial) subpinnules. Cupressopathes gen. nov., type species Gorgonia abies Linnaeus, has bottle-brush pinnulation with four very irregular, or quasi-spiral rows of primary pinnules and uniserial, bilateral, or irregularly arranged higher order pinnules. Plumapathes gen. nov., type species Antipathes pennacea Pallas, has simple pinnules arranged regularly in two rows. Antipathella Brook, type species Antipathes subpinnata Ellis and Solander, has simple branchlets/pinnules arranged irregularly in one to four rows.
Systematics, Taxonomy
2013-09-22 18:28:31Z

Antipathella Brook, 1889 (subsequent type designation)
Antipathella aperta (Totton, 1923) (new combination reference)
Antipathella assimilis Brook, 1889 accepted as Antipathes assimilis (Brook, 1889) (source of synonymy)
Antipathella ceylonensis Thomson & Simson, 1905 accepted as Antipathes ceylonensis (Thomson & Simpson, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Antipathella contorta Brook, 1889 accepted as Tylopathes contorta (Brook, 1889) (new combination reference)
Antipathella elegans Thomson & Simpson, 1905 accepted as Antipathes elegans (Thomson & Simpson, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Antipathella fiordensis (Grange, 1990) (additional source)
Antipathella strigosa Brook, 1889 (additional source)
Antipathella subpinnata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (redescription)
Antipathella wollastoni (Gray, 1857) (additional source)
Antipathes antrocrada Opresko, 1999 accepted as Myriopathes antrocrada (Opresko, 1999) (new combination reference)
Antipathes aperta Totton, 1923 accepted as Antipathella aperta (Totton, 1923) (new combination reference)
Antipathes bifaria Brook, 1889 accepted as Myriopathes bifaria (Brook, 1889) (new combination reference)
Antipathes fiordensis Grange, 1990 accepted as Antipathella fiordensis (Grange, 1990) (new combination reference)
Antipathes gracilis Thomson & Simpson, 1905 accepted as Cupressopathes gracilis (Thomson & Simpson, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Antipathes japonica Brook, 1889 accepted as Myriopathes japonica (Brook, 1889) (source of synonymy)
Antipathes myriophylla Pallas, 1766 accepted as Myriopathes myriophylla (Pallas, 1766) (new combination reference)
Antipathes paniculata Esper, 1797 accepted as Cupressopathes paniculata (Esper, 1796) (new combination reference)
Antipathes pennacea Pallas, 1766 accepted as Plumapathes pennacea (Pallas, 1766) (new combination reference)
Antipathes pumila Brook, 1889 accepted as Cupressopathes pumila (Brook, 1889) (new combination reference)
Antipathes speciosa (Brook, 1889) (source of synonymy)
Antipathes wollastoni Gray, 1857 accepted as Antipathella wollastoni (Gray, 1857) (new combination reference)
Aphanipathes rugosa Thomson & Simpson, 1905 accepted as Myriopathes rugosa (Thomson & Simpson, 1905) (basis of record)
Aphanipathes stechowi Pax, 1932 accepted as Myriopathes stechowi (Pax, 1932) (new combination reference)
Cupressopathes Opresko, 2001 (original description)
Cupressopathes abies (Linnaeus, 1758) (new combination reference)
Cupressopathes gracilis (Thomson & Simpson, 1905) (additional source)
Cupressopathes paniculata (Esper, 1796) (additional source)
Cupressopathes pumila (Brook, 1889) (additional source)
Dendrobrachia fallax Brook, 1889 (additional source)
Hydradendrium spinosum Carter, 1880 accepted as Myriopathes spinosa (Carter, 1880) (new combination reference)
Myriopathes Opresko, 2001 (original description)
Myriopathes antrocrada (Opresko, 1999) (additional source)
Myriopathes bifaria (Brook, 1889) (additional source)
Myriopathes japonica (Brook, 1889) (additional source)
Myriopathes lata (Silberfeld, 1909) (new combination reference)
Myriopathes myriophylla (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Myriopathes panamensis (Verrill, 1869) (new combination reference)
Myriopathes rugosa (Thomson & Simpson, 1905) (new combination reference)
Myriopathes spinosa (Carter, 1880) (additional source)
Myriopathes stechowi (Pax, 1932) (additional source)
Myriopathes ulex (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (new combination reference)
Myriopathidae Opresko, 2001 (original description)
Plumapathes Opresko, 2001 (original description)
Plumapathes fernandezi (Pourtalès, 1874) (additional source)
Plumapathes pennacea (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Tanacetipathes barbadensis (Brook, 1889) (additional source)
Tanacetipathes cavernicola Opresko, 2001 (additional source)
Tanacetipathes hirta (Gray, 1857) (additional source)
Tanacetipathes spinescens (Gray, 1857) (additional source)
Tanacetipathes tanacetum (Pourtalès, 1880) (additional source)
Tanacetipathes thamnea (Warner, 1981) (additional source)
Tanacetipathes wirtzi Opresko, 2001 (additional source)
Ambon for Antipathes myriophylla Pallas, 1766 
Ile Europa Exclusive Economic Zone for Antipathes pennacea Pallas, 1766 
Naples for Antipathella subpinnata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) 
Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone for Cupressopathes abies (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Neotype BMNH 1910-2-10-8, geounit Italian Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Antipathella subpinnata (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
Neotype USNM 76956, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Cupressopathes abies (Linnaeus, 1758)
Neotype RMNH Coel. 24064, identified as Myriopathes lata (Silberfeld, 1909)
Neotype RMNH Coel. 24064, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Myriopathes myriophylla (Pallas, 1766)
Neotype RMNH Coel. 6801, geounit Europa Island, identified as Plumapathes pennacea (Pallas, 1766)

...Although specimens referred to A. pennacea are common in the western Atlantic (Caribbean region; Opresko, 1974) ... [details]


new combination, redescription, neotype [details]