WoRMS taxon details

Hydnophora microconos (Lamarck, 1816)

207402  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207402)

accepted
Species
Hydnophora klunzingeri Rehberg, 1892 · unaccepted (synonym)
Hydnophora microcona Lamarck, 1816 · unaccepted > misspelling
Hydnophorella microconos (Lamarck, 1816) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Madrepora exesa Ellis & Solander, 1786 · unaccepted (homonym, synonym)
Maeandrina microconus (Lamarck, 1816) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Monticularia microcona (Lamarck, 1816) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Monticularia microconos Lamarck, 1816 · unaccepted (original combination, basionym)
Monticularia microna Lamarck, 1816 · unaccepted (amended spelling)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
(of Monticularia microconos Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   
Description This has large, massive colonies which are always rounded and without the foliaceous or branched projections of H. exesa....  
Description This has large, massive colonies which are always rounded and without the foliaceous or branched projections of H. exesa. The surface is covered with neat, regular monticules, which are smaller than in H. exesa, being <2 to 5 mm diameter. The species is common in shallow, exposed water and it is very rarely found below 10 m deep. It is a constant component of the reef crest community on all but extremely exposed reefs, and on these it is merely displaced into deeper pockets on the reef flat and into water 2 - 5 m deep. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies are massive, rounded, with hydnophores 2-3 mm in diameter. Colour: dull cream, brown or green. Abundance: seldom common, occurs primarily in lagoons and on protected reef slopes. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Hydnophora microconos (Lamarck, 1816). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207402 on 2022-06-24
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-09-07 20:44:15Z
changed
2021-04-28 05:39:27Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Madrepora exesa Ellis & Solander, 1786) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41943909 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hydnophora klunzingeri Rehberg, 1892) Rehberg, H. (1892). Neue und wenig bekannte Korallen. <em>Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der Naturwissenschaften Hamburg.</em> 12: 1-50. [details]   

original description  (of Monticularia microconos Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (of Hydnophora microcona Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J. B. P. A. de M. de. (1816). <i>Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature, Mollusques et polypes divers</i>. Part 23 [Livraison 84, 14 December 1816], Tome 3, pp. 1-16, pls. 391-431, 431 bis, 431 bis*, 432-488, Paris: Vve Agasse. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/37162278 [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Pichon M, Wijsman-Best M. (1977). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series.</em> 3: 1-233. [details]   

additional source Hoffmeister, J.E. (1925). Some corals from America Samoa and the Fiji Islands. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 22: 1-90, pls. 1-23.
page(s): 8, 10, 11, 12, 30 [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1918). Some shallow-water corals from Murray Island (Australia), Cocos-Keeling Island, and Fanning Island. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 9 (213): 49-234, pls. 20-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 34 [details]   

additional source Randall, R.H., 2003. An annotated checklist of hydrozoan and scleractinian corals collected from Guam and other Mariana Islands. Micronesica 35-36: 121-137.
page(s): 134 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

additional source Scheer, G. & Pillai, C.S.G. 1974. Report on Scleractinia from the Nicobar Islands. Zoologica, Stuttgart 42 (122): 1-75, pls. 1-33.
page(s): 9, 52-53, 75 [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1940). Madreporaria from the Togian Reefs (Gulf of Tomini, North-Celebes. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 22: 265-310.
page(s): 271, 284 [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1939). Madreporaria from the Bay of Batavia. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 22: 1-64.
page(s): 15, 17, 34 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T, Eguchi M. (1936). Recent reef-building corals from Japan and the South Sea Islands under the Japanese mandate. I. <em>The Science reports of the Tôhoku Imperial University, Sendai, 2nd Series (Geologie).</em> Special Volume 1: 1-66, pls. 1-59.
page(s): 3, 40, Pl. XXXII [details]   

additional source Matthai G. (1928). A Monograph of the Recent meandroid Astraeidae. <em>Catalogue of the Madreporarian Corals in the British Museum (Natural History).</em> 7: 1-288, pls. 1-72. [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T. (1935). Revised list of the reef-corals from the Japanese seas and of the fossil reef corals of the raised reefs and the Ryukyu limestone of Japan. <em>Journal of the Geological Society of Japan.</em> 42: 379-403.
page(s): 384, 386, 389, 394 [details]   

additional source Best MB, Suharsono. (1991). New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 3. Species belonging to the Merulinidae with new records of Merulina and Boninastrea. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 65: 333-342. [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG, Scheer G (1976) Report on the stony corals from the Maldive Archipelago. Results of the Xarifa Expedition 1957/58. Zoologica, Stuttgart 43 (126): 1-83, pls. 1-32. [details]   

additional source Crossland C (1952) Madreporaria, Hydrocorallinae, Heliopora and Tubipora. Scientific Report Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-29 VI(3): 85-257.
page(s): 91 [details]   

additional source Chevalier JP. (1975). Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). II. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie. 7: 1-407, pls. 1-42. Paris. [details]   

additional source Wijsman-Best M (1976) Biological results of the Snellius expedition: XXVII. Faviidae collected by the Snellius Expedition. II. The genera Favites, Goniastrea, Platygyra, Oulophyllia, Leptoria, Hydnophora and Caulastrea. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 50: 45-63. [details]   

additional source Nemenzo F (1959) Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: II. Suborder Faviida. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines 16: 73-135, pls. 1-24.
page(s): 75, 104 [details]   

additional source Pichon, M.; Benzoni, F. (2007). Taxonomic re-appraisal of zooxanthellate Scleractinian Corals in the Maldive Archipelago. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1441: 21–33.
page(s): 32 [details]   

additional source Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

additional source Matthai G (1924) Report on the madreporarian corals in the collection of the Indian Museum, Calcutta. Memoirs of the Indian Museum 8: 1-59. [details]   

additional source Faustino LA. (1927). Recent Madreporaria of the Philippine Islands. <em>Bureau of Science Manila Monograph.</em> 22: 1-310, pls. 1-100.
page(s): 37, 40, 150-151 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 30, 96 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1972). Stony corals of the seas around India. <em>Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Corals and Coral Reefs, 1969. Marine Biological Association of India Symposium.</em> 5: 191-216.
page(s): 207 [details]   

additional source Boshoff, P.H. (1981). An annotated checklist of Southern Africa Scleractinia. <em>Oceanographic Research Institute Investigational Report, Durban.</em> 49: 1-45.
page(s): 31 [details]   

additional source Randall RH, Myers RF. (1983). The corals. Guide to the Coastal Resources of Guam: Vol. 2. <em>University of Guam Press, Guam, pp. 128.</em>  [details]   

additional source Khalil HM, Fathy MS, Al Sawy SM. (2021). Quaternary corals (Scleractinia: Merulinidae) from the Egyptian and Saudi Arabian Red Sea Coast. <em>Geological Journal.</em> , available online at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/gj.4145?af=R [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume II: Families Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae, Euphyllidae, Oculinidae, Meandrinidae, Siderastreidae, Agariciidae, Fungiidae, Rhizangiidae, Pectiniidae, Merulinidae, Dendrophylliidae, Caryophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 2, pp. 429.
page(s): 372-373 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Molina, M.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Palmyra Atoll coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2002, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2000-2001, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 8]. UNPUBLISHED, UNPUBLISHED [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Schmerfeld, J. (2004). Coral survey from Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge, 1998-2004 [Table 3]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E. (2004). Baker Island coral data [Table unnumbered]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 2 [details]   

additional source Ortmann, A. (1892). Die Korallriffe von Dar-es-Salaam und Umgegend. <em>Zoologische Jahrbücher Abteilung für Systematik.</em> 6: 631-670., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10195227
page(s): 636, 660 [details]   

additional source Milne Edwards, H.; Haime, J. (1849). Recherches sur les polypiers, quatrième mémoire. Monographie des astréides (1). Annales des Sciences Naturelles, 11, 3, 265-298
page(s): 302-303 [details]   

additional source Wells, J. W. (1954). Recent corals of the Marshall Islands: Bikini and nearby atolls, part 2, oceanography (biologic). U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 260(I): 385-486
page(s): 394, 399, 462-463 [details]   

additional source Pillai, C. S. G. (1983). Structure and generic diversity of recent Scleractinia of India. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 25, 1-2, 78-90
page(s): 87 [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C. R. C. (1985). Fringing reefs in the southern region, Jeddah to Jizan. Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 7, 37-58
page(s): 45 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 63, 97-98, 112 [details]   

additional source Wallace, C. C.; Fellegara, I.; Muir, P. R.; Harrison, P. L. (2009). The scleractinian corals of Moreton Bay, eastern Australia: high latitude, marginal assemblages with increasing species richness. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 54, 2
page(s): 10 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype (of Hydnophora microcona Lamarck, 1816) BMNH, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype HLD X2: 127-49, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 47397, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 47811, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 47897, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 48733, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 49702, geounit Micronesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 49704, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 49746, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 50734, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 50799, geounit Micronesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 51047, geounit Micronesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 56666, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8620, geounit Yemeni Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8927, geounit Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 160-74, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 193-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 228-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 381-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 385-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 432-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 485-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 507-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 519-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 628-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 88-74, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 89-74, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type IMC mrt-12 [details]
Unknown type IMC, geounit Myanmar Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type IMC, geounit Myanmar Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description This has large, massive colonies which are always rounded and without the foliaceous or branched projections of H. exesa. The surface is covered with neat, regular monticules, which are smaller than in H. exesa, being <2 to 5 mm diameter. The species is common in shallow, exposed water and it is very rarely found below 10 m deep. It is a constant component of the reef crest community on all but extremely exposed reefs, and on these it is merely displaced into deeper pockets on the reef flat and into water 2 - 5 m deep. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies are massive, rounded, with hydnophores 2-3 mm in diameter. Colour: dull cream, brown or green. Abundance: seldom common, occurs primarily in lagoons and on protected reef slopes. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]

Spelling Spelled H. microconus in Vine 1988. Type locality: unrecorded (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English spine coral  [details]
Japanese リュウキュウイボサンゴ  [details]