WoRMS taxon details

Psammocora contigua (Esper, 1794)

207267  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207267)

accepted
Species
Lophoseris muelleri Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Lophoseris mülleri Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (misspelling)
Madrepora contigua Esper, 1794 · unaccepted > superseded combination (basionym)
Madrepora phrygiana Esper, 1798 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Matrepora contigua (Esper, 1794) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Matrepora phrygiana (Esper, 1798) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Montipora phrygiana (Esper, 1798) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pavonia obtusangula Lamarck, 1816 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pavonia plicata Lamarck, 1816 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Porites contigua (Esper, 1794) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Porites plicata (Dana, 1846) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Psammocora contigua var. maldivensis Gardiner, 1905 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Psammocora contigua var. pulchra Nemenzo, 1955 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Psammocora contigua var. tutuilensis Hoffmeister, 1925 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Psammocora decussata Yabe & Sugiyama, 1937 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Psammocora frondosa Verrill, 1864 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Psammocora gonagra Kluzinger, 1879 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Psammocora obtusangula (Lamarck, 1816) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Psammocora phrygiana (Esper, 1798) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Psammocora plicata Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Psammocora ramosa Quelch, 1886 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Variety Psammocora contigua var. maldivensis Gardiner, 1905 accepted as Psammocora contigua (Esper, 1794) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Psammocora contigua var. pulchra Nemenzo, 1955 accepted as Psammocora contigua (Esper, 1794) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Variety Psammocora contigua var. tutuilensis Hoffmeister, 1925 accepted as Psammocora contigua (Esper, 1794) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
(of Madrepora contigua Esper, 1794) Esper, E.J.C. (1788-1830). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Raspischen Buchhandlung, Nuremberg. 3 vols text, 2 vols pls.  [details]   
Holotype  (of Madrepora contigua Esper, 1794) SMF 5523  
Holotype (of Madrepora contigua Esper, 1794) SMF 5523 [details]
Note Unrecorded (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality Unrecorded (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description Colonies are a mixture of flattened branches or columns or irregular nodules. They are sometimes found free-living....  
Description Colonies are a mixture of flattened branches or columns or irregular nodules. They are sometimes found free-living. Corallites are very fine and shallow, giving colonies a smooth surface. Colour: pale to dark grey-frown. Abundance: common over a wide range of environments. (Veron, 1986 <57>)

Lumpy in form, producing irregular columna or colonies with flattened branches which may be anastomosing. Corallites often less than 1 mm across. Colonies are smooth. Colour: pale grey or brown or reddish-brown. Habitat: diverse, including reef flats. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2023). World List of Scleractinia. Psammocora contigua (Esper, 1794). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207267 on 2023-02-08
Date
action
by
1996-10-25 15:03:37Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-02-05 17:27:31Z
changed
2022-05-10 10:52:12Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Psammocora gonagra Kluzinger, 1879) Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (of Psammocora decussata Yabe & Sugiyama, 1937) Yabe H, Sugiyama T. (1937). Two new species of reef-building corals from Yoron-zima and Amami-Ô-sima. <em>Proceedings of the Imperial Academy of Japan.</em> 13 (10): 425-429. [details]   

original description  (of Pavonia obtusangula Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (of Psammocora plicata Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora contigua Esper, 1794) Esper, E.J.C. (1788-1830). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Raspischen Buchhandlung, Nuremberg. 3 vols text, 2 vols pls.  [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora phrygiana Esper, 1798) Esper, E.J.C. (1788-1830). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Raspischen Buchhandlung, Nuremberg. 3 vols text, 2 vols pls.  [details]   

original description  (of Psammocora ramosa Quelch, 1886) Quelch JJ. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Psammocora frondosa Verrill, 1864) Verrill, A. E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6587563 [details]   

original description  (of Psammocora contigua var. tutuilensis Hoffmeister, 1925) Hoffmeister, J.E. (1925). Some corals from America Samoa and the Fiji Islands. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 22: 1-90, pls. 1-23. [details]   

original description  (of Psammocora contigua var. pulchra Nemenzo, 1955) Nemenzo, F. (1955). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: I. Suborder Fungiida. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 15: 3-84. [details]   

original description  (of Lophoseris mülleri Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1851). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 6. Monographie des Fongides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 15: 73-144. [details]   

original description  (of Lophoseris muelleri Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1851). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 6. Monographie des Fongides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 15: 73-144. [details]   

original description  (of Pavonia plicata Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698
page(s): 240 [details]   

original description  (of Psammocora contigua var. maldivensis Gardiner, 1905) Gardiner JS. (1905). Madreporaria III. Fungida IV. Turbinolidae. <em>Fauna and geography of the Maldives and Laccadives Archipelagoes, Cambridge.</em> 2: 933-957, pls. 89-93. [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Veron JEN. (1982). Hermatypic Scleractinia of Hong Kong - An annotated list of species. <em>Proceedings of the first international marine biological workshop: The marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern China (ed. Morton, B.). Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong.</em> 1: 111-125. [details]   

basis of record Stefani F, Benzoni F, Pichon M, Cancelliere C, Galli P. (2008). A multidisciplinary approach to the definition of species boundaries in branching species of the coral genus Psammocora (Cnidaria, Scleractinia). <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> 37(1): 71-91. [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1940). Madreporaria from the Togian Reefs (Gulf of Tomini, North-Celebes. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 22: 265-310.
page(s): 271, 299 [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1939). Madreporaria from the Bay of Batavia. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 22: 1-64.
page(s): 6, 18, 51-52 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T, Eguchi M. (1936). Recent reef-building corals from Japan and the South Sea Islands under the Japanese mandate. I. <em>The Science reports of the Tôhoku Imperial University, Sendai, 2nd Series (Geologie).</em> Special Volume 1: 1-66, pls. 1-59.
page(s): 5, 59, Pl. XLIV, Pl. XLV [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG, Scheer G (1976) Report on the stony corals from the Maldive Archipelago. Results of the Xarifa Expedition 1957/58. Zoologica, Stuttgart 43 (126): 1-83, pls. 1-32. [details]   

additional source Studer, T. (1880). Beitrag zur Fauna der Steinkorallen von Singapore. <em>Mittheilungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Bern.</em> 979: 15-53., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12090774
page(s): 47 [details]   

additional source Crossland C (1952) Madreporaria, Hydrocorallinae, Heliopora and Tubipora. Scientific Report Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-29 VI(3): 85-257.
page(s): 92, 96 [details]   

additional source Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1851) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 7. Monographie des Poritides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 16: 21-70.
page(s): 67 [details]   

additional source Pichon, M.; Benzoni, F. (2007). Taxonomic re-appraisal of zooxanthellate Scleractinian Corals in the Maldive Archipelago. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1441: 21–33.
page(s): 27 [details]   

additional source Faustino LA. (1927). Recent Madreporaria of the Philippine Islands. <em>Bureau of Science Manila Monograph.</em> 22: 1-310, pls. 1-100.
page(s): 17, 41, 211-212 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 33, 73 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1972). Stony corals of the seas around India. <em>Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Corals and Coral Reefs, 1969. Marine Biological Association of India Symposium.</em> 5: 191-216.
page(s): 197 [details]   

additional source van der Horst, C.J. (1922). Madreporaria: Agariciidae. Report of the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean 1905, Volume 7. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Series 2, Zoology.</em> 18 (1): 417-429, pls. 31-32.
page(s): 425, 426 [details]   

additional source Whitelegge, T. (1898). The Madroporaria of Funafuti. <em>The Australian Museum Memoir.</em> 3(6): 349-368.
page(s): 355 [details]   

additional source Randall RH, Myers RF. (1983). The corals. Guide to the Coastal Resources of Guam: Vol. 2. <em>University of Guam Press, Guam, pp. 128.</em>  [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume II: Families Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae, Euphyllidae, Oculinidae, Meandrinidae, Siderastreidae, Agariciidae, Fungiidae, Rhizangiidae, Pectiniidae, Merulinidae, Dendrophylliidae, Caryophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 2, pp. 429.
page(s): 146-147 [details]   

additional source Ryland, J. S. (1981). Reefs of southwest Viti Levu and their tourism potential. Proceedings of the Fourth International Coral Reef Symposium, 1, 293-298
page(s): 296 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Molina, M.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Palmyra Atoll coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2002, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2000-2001, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 8]. UNPUBLISHED, UNPUBLISHED [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Rose Atoll coral data compiled from US Fish and Wildlife Service 1994, Townsend Cromwell 2002, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 10]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1983). Structure and generic diversity of recent Scleractinia of India. <em>Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India.</em> 25, 1-2, 78-90.
page(s): 83 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 62, 79, 111 [details]   

additional source Wallace, C. C.; Fellegara, I.; Muir, P. R.; Harrison, P. L. (2009). The scleractinian corals of Moreton Bay, eastern Australia: high latitude, marginal assemblages with increasing species richness. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 54, 2
page(s): 2, 9, 15, 45, 46 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>
page(s): 272, 273 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Pichon M. (1976). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia. Part I. Families Thamnasteriidae, Astroceoniidae, Pocilloporidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series.</em> 1: 1-86. [details]   

additional source Dunn, D.F., 1970. Some observations on marine life at Pulau Aur, Johore. Malay. Nat. J. 23 : 158-167.
page(s): 162 [details]   

additional source Hoffmeister, J.E. (1925). Some corals from America Samoa and the Fiji Islands. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 22: 1-90, pls. 1-23.
page(s): 8, 12, 44, 45, Pl. 5, figs. 1a, 1b [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 39 [details]   

additional source Randall RH. (2003). An annotated checklist of hydrozoan and scleractinian corals collected from Guam and other Mariana Islands. <em>Micronesica.</em> 35-36: 121-137.
page(s): 130 [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Benzoni, F., Stefani, F., Stolarski, J., Pichon, M., Mitta, G., Galli, P. 2007. Debating phylogenetic relationships of the scleractinian Psammocora: molecular and morphological evidences. Contributions to Zoology 76: 35-54., available online at http://dpc.uba.uva.nl/cgi/t/text/get-pdf?c=ctz;idno=7601a04
page(s): 35, 37, 38, 41, 43, 45, 46, 50, 51, 52, fig. 3, fig. 6 [details]   

additional source Benzoni, F., Stefani, F., Pichon, M., Galli, P. 2010. The name game: morpho-molecular species boundaries in the genus Psammocora (Cnidaria, Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 160: 421-456.
page(s): 422, 451 [details]   

additional source Nemenzo, F. (1955). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: I. Suborder Fungiida. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 15: 3-84.
page(s): 5, 22-23, Plate V, fig. 1 [details]   

additional source van der Horst, C.J. (1921). The Madreporaria of the Siboga expedition: 2. Madreporaria Fungida. Siboga-Expeditie: uitkomsten op zoölogisch, botanisch, oceanographisch en geologisch gebied verzameld in Nederlandsch Oost-Indië 1899-1900 aan boord H.M. Siboga onder commando van Luitenant ter Zee 1e kl. G.F. Tydeman, XVIb. E.J. Brill: Leiden. 53-98, plates I-VI pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 4, 33, 43, 46 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Gardiner JS. (1905). Madreporaria III. Fungida IV. Turbinolidae. <em>Fauna and geography of the Maldives and Laccadives Archipelagoes, Cambridge.</em> 2: 933-957, pls. 89-93.
page(s): 951-952 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Holotype (of Madrepora contigua Esper, 1794) SMF 5523 [details]
Nontype IGPS 41961, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 47867, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 47869, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 48775, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 49735, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 49759, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 53238, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 56527, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 56528, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 56529, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MTQ G55324-25, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8568, geounit Yemeni Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 9022, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH [details]
Nontype RMNH, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM [details]
Nontype UAZM, geounit Singaporean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 108-88, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 125-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 133-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 158-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 168-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 170-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 172-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 186-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 192-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 226-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 227-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 228-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 231-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 235-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 256-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 340-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 359-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 364-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 374-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 41-72, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 434-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 451-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 467-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 469-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 470-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 474-80, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 478-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 495-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 528-80, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 553-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 585-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 758-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 765-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Psammocora contigua var. pulchra Nemenzo, 1955) MSI C-57, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Psammocora contigua var. tutuilensis Hoffmeister, 1925) MSI C-90, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type MSI C-105, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies are a mixture of flattened branches or columns or irregular nodules. They are sometimes found free-living. Corallites are very fine and shallow, giving colonies a smooth surface. Colour: pale to dark grey-frown. Abundance: common over a wide range of environments. (Veron, 1986 <57>)

Lumpy in form, producing irregular columna or colonies with flattened branches which may be anastomosing. Corallites often less than 1 mm across. Colonies are smooth. Colour: pale grey or brown or reddish-brown. Habitat: diverse, including reef flats. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Type locality Unrecorded (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
Japanese ヤッコアミメサンゴ  [details]