WoRMS taxon details

Galaxea fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767)

207366  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207366)

accepted
Species
Galaxea colamnaris Eguchi & Shirai, 1977 (Synonym. Probably misspelling of G. columnaris)
Galaxea columnaris Eguchi & Shirai, 1977 (Synonymy, original spelling is G. colamnaris)
Madrepora fascicularis Linnaeus, 1767 (original combination, basionym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(of Madrepora fascicularis Linnaeus, 1767) Linnaeus, C. (1767). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Ed. 12. 1., Regnum Animale. 1 & 2. <em>Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii.</em> pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Description The skeleton of Galaxea is very distinctive. Corallites are extremely plocoid, 3-15 mm tall cylinders set into a flat and...  
Description The skeleton of Galaxea is very distinctive. Corallites are extremely plocoid, 3-15 mm tall cylinders set into a flat and rather blistery coenosteum. Further enhancing this appearance of tall corallites are the extremely protuberant primary septa, projecting a further 3 - 5 mm above the corallite wall. Septa usually number over 24 in mature corallites. These are very attractive corals when living, due to the daytime extension of pale yellow, green or blue translucent tentacles. Colonies of this species are commonly less than 40 cm across, forming cushions, or are encrusting to sub-massive. Occasionally, such as in turbid waters, the species can provide over 50% cover over several hundred square metres, and these colonies may develop both foliaceous and sub-ramose parts, with smaller corallites on fast growing extensions. However, on the sub-ramose parts of giant colonies, calices are much smaller and have only 12 septa. (This is a character of Galaxea astreata. Where such fragments come from the same colonies as typical G. fascicularis, it seems likely that they represent young, fast growing edges.) Its depth range is 5-20 m deep (Sheppard, 1998).
Small colonies are cushion-shaped or low domes or irregular. Large colonies are of mixed sizes, commonly up to 6 mm in diameter with numerous septa reaching the corallite centre. Colour: Usually green, red and brown in various mixtures. Polyps are frequently extended during the day, and tentacles often have conspicuous white tips. Abundance: very common in a wide range of habitats and may be dominant on inshore fringing reefs, where columnar colonies frequently exceed 5 m in diameter (Veron, 1986).
The small, cushion-shaped colonies are readily recognised because of the spiky appearance caused by the protuberant radiating septa of the tubular corallites. Often feeds during the day. Colour: A vivid green, brown or red with white-tipped tentacles. Habitat: diverse, especially in turbid, shallow waters (Richmond, 1997); rocks (Kalk, 1959).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2021). World List of Scleractinia. Galaxea fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207366 on 2021-10-20
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-09-08 13:36:39Z
changed
2014-04-21 21:22:42Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Madrepora fascicularis Linnaeus, 1767) Linnaeus, C. (1767). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Ed. 12. 1., Regnum Animale. 1 & 2. <em>Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii.</em> pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Sarcinula hexagonalis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides (1). <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 10: 209-320, pls. 5-9. [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea lawisiana Nemenzo, 1959) Nemenzo F (1959) Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: II. Suborder Faviida. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines 16: 73-135, pls. 1-24. [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea fragilis Quelch, 1886) Quelch JJ. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea aspera Quelch, 1886) Quelch JJ. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea heterocyathus Ortmann, 1889) Ortmann A. (1889). Beobachtungen an Steinkorallen von der Südküste Ceylons. <em>Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere.</em> 4: 493-590, pls. 11-17. [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea fascicularis var. solida Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea anthophyllites Faurot, 1894) Faurot, L. (1894). Description du Galaxea anthophyllites, nouvelle espèce de polypier de la mer Rouge. <em>Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France 19: 114-116.</em>  [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea colamnaris Eguchi & Shirai, 1977) Eguchi M, Shirai S. (1977). In: Shirai S (ed.) Ecological encyclopedia of the marine animals of the Rykyu Islands. Shinsei-Tosho, Okinawa. [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea fascicularis var. minima Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea fascicularis var. columnaris Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea columnaris Eguchi & Shirai, 1977) Eguchi M, Shirai S. (1977). In: Shirai S (ed.) Ecological encyclopedia of the marine animals of the Rykyu Islands. Shinsei-Tosho, Okinawa. [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea prolifera Nemenzo & Ferraris, 1982) Nemenzo F, CJ Ferraris (1982) Some scleractinian corals from the reefs of Cebu and Mactan Islands. Kalikasan: The Philippine Journal of Biology 11: 111-135. [details]   

original description  (of Sarcinula irregularis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides (1). <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 10: 209-320, pls. 5-9. [details]   

original description  (of Sarcinula quoyi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides (1). <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 10: 209-320, pls. 5-9. [details]   

original description  (of Anthophyllum fasciculare Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862 [details]   

original description  (of Sarcinula ellisii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides (1). <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 10: 209-320, pls. 5-9. [details]   

original description  (of Anthophyllum esperi Schweigger, 1820) Schweigger, A. F. (1820). Handbuch der Naturgeschichte der skelettlosen ungegliederten Thiere. <em>Leipzig, Im Verlag der Dyk'schen Buchhandlung.</em> 1-802., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/39152641 [details]   

original description  (of Anthophyllum hystrix Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora cuspidata Esper, 1789) Esper, E.J.C. (1788-1830). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Raspischen Buchhandlung, Nuremberg. 3 vols text, 2 vols pls.  [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora divergens Forskål, 1775) Forskål P. (1775). Descriptiones Animalium, Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in Itinere Orientali Observavit Petrus Forskål. Post Mortem Auctoris editit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia Medica Kahirina. Mölleri, Hafniae, 19 + xxxiv + 164 pp. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Galaxea caryophyllites Krüger, 1823) Krüger, J.F. (1823). Geschichte der Urwelt: in Umrissen entworfen. Zweiter Theil. <em>Gottfried Basse, Quedlinburg und Leipzig.</em>  [details]   

context source (HKRMS) AFCD. (2004). Ecological Status and Revised Species Records of Hong Kong's Scleractinian Corals. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department,The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1918). Some shallow-water corals from Murray Island (Australia), Cocos-Keeling Island, and Fanning Island. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 9 (213): 49-234, pls. 20-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen. <em>Gutmann, Berlin.</em> pp. 1-88, pls. 1-10. [details]   

additional source Matthai G. (1914). A revision of the recent colonial Astraeidae possessing distinct corallites. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd Series Zoology.</em> 17(1): 1-140, pls. 1-38. [details]   

additional source Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

additional source Gardiner JS (1899) On the astraeid corals collected by the author in the South Pacific. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1899: 734-764. [details]   

additional source Matthai G (1924) Report on the madreporarian corals in the collection of the Indian Museum, Calcutta. Memoirs of the Indian Museum 8: 1-59. [details]   

additional source Gravier C. (1911). Les récifs de coraux et les Madréporaires de la baie de Tadjourah (Golfe d'Aden). <em>Annales de l'Institut Océanographique de Monaco.</em> 2 (3): 1-101, pls 1-12. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description The skeleton of Galaxea is very distinctive. Corallites are extremely plocoid, 3-15 mm tall cylinders set into a flat and rather blistery coenosteum. Further enhancing this appearance of tall corallites are the extremely protuberant primary septa, projecting a further 3 - 5 mm above the corallite wall. Septa usually number over 24 in mature corallites. These are very attractive corals when living, due to the daytime extension of pale yellow, green or blue translucent tentacles. Colonies of this species are commonly less than 40 cm across, forming cushions, or are encrusting to sub-massive. Occasionally, such as in turbid waters, the species can provide over 50% cover over several hundred square metres, and these colonies may develop both foliaceous and sub-ramose parts, with smaller corallites on fast growing extensions. However, on the sub-ramose parts of giant colonies, calices are much smaller and have only 12 septa. (This is a character of Galaxea astreata. Where such fragments come from the same colonies as typical G. fascicularis, it seems likely that they represent young, fast growing edges.) Its depth range is 5-20 m deep (Sheppard, 1998).
Small colonies are cushion-shaped or low domes or irregular. Large colonies are of mixed sizes, commonly up to 6 mm in diameter with numerous septa reaching the corallite centre. Colour: Usually green, red and brown in various mixtures. Polyps are frequently extended during the day, and tentacles often have conspicuous white tips. Abundance: very common in a wide range of habitats and may be dominant on inshore fringing reefs, where columnar colonies frequently exceed 5 m in diameter (Veron, 1986).
The small, cushion-shaped colonies are readily recognised because of the spiky appearance caused by the protuberant radiating septa of the tubular corallites. Often feeds during the day. Colour: A vivid green, brown or red with white-tipped tentacles. Habitat: diverse, especially in turbid, shallow waters (Richmond, 1997); rocks (Kalk, 1959).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Spelling Spelled G. fasicularis in Sheppard (1998). Type locality: Torres Strait, Great Barrier Reef (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English octopus coralcrystal coral  [details]
German Kristallkoralle  [details]
Japanese アザミサンゴ  [details]