WoRMS taxon details

Favia De Blainville, 1820

718691  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:718691)

accepted
Genus
Astraea (Favia) de Blainville, 1820 · unaccepted > superseded combination
Astrea (Favia) Blainville, 1820 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Barbadiastrea Wells, 1945 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Clypeofavia de Angelis d'Ossat, 1894 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Favia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 · unaccepted > junior homonym
Favia Oken, 1815 · unaccepted > unavailable name
Fissicella Dana, 1848 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Stegiastrea Meneghini, 1857 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym

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  1. Species Favia fragum (Esper, 1793)
  2. Species Favia gravida Verrill, 1868
  3. Species Favia abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Favites abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  4. Species Favia adduensis Gardiner, 1904 accepted as Favites pentagona (Esper, 1790) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  5. Species Favia affinis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) accepted as Dipsastraea favus (Forskål, 1775) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  6. Species Favia albida Veron, 2000 accepted as Dipsastraea albida (Veron, 2000) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  7. Species Favia albidus Veron, 2000 accepted as Dipsastraea albida (Veron, 2000) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  8. Species Favia amicorum (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) accepted as Dipsastraea amicorum (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  9. Species Favia amplior (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) accepted as Dipsastraea pallida (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  10. Species Favia ananas (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Favia fragum (Esper, 1793) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  11. Species Favia armata (Verrill, 1872) accepted as Goniastrea stelligera (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  12. Species Favia aspera Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Dipsastraea favus (Forskål, 1775) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  13. Species Favia astraeiformis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) accepted as Platygyra daedalea (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  14. Species Favia bertholleti Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Favites valenciennesii (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  15. Species Favia camranensis Latypov, 2013 accepted as Dipsastraea camranensis (Latypov, 2013) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  16. Species Favia cavernosa (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Montastraea cavernosa (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  17. Species Favia cavernosa (Forskål, 1775) accepted as Dipsastraea favus (Forskål, 1775) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  18. Species Favia cellulosa (Verrill, 1872) accepted as Dipsastraea pallida (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  19. Species Favia clouei Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Dipsastraea speciosa (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  20. Species Favia coarctata Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Favia fragum (Esper, 1793) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  21. Species Favia complanata Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Favites complanata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  22. Species Favia conferta Verrill, 1868 accepted as Favia gravida Verrill, 1868 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  23. Species Favia crassior (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) accepted as Favites abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  24. Species Favia danae Verrill, 1872 accepted as Dipsastraea danai (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, homonym)
  25. Species Favia danai Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Dipsastraea danai (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, basionym)
  26. Species Favia deformata (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) accepted as Dipsastraea favus (Forskål, 1775) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  27. Species Favia denticulata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Dipsastraea favus (Forskål, 1775) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  28. Species Favia denticulata (Dana, 1846) accepted as Dipsastraea pallida (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  29. Species Favia doreyensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) accepted as Dipsastraea pallida (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  30. Species Favia ehrenbergi Klunzinger, 1879 accepted as Dipsastraea favus (Forskål, 1775) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  31. Species Favia eridani Umbgrove, 1940 accepted as Favites valenciennesii (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  32. Species Favia favites (Esper, 1795) accepted as Favites favosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > superseded combination, misspelling)
  33. Species Favia favosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Favites favosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  34. Species Favia favus (Forskål, 1775) accepted as Dipsastraea favus (Forskål, 1775) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  35. Species Favia fragilis (Dana, 1846) accepted as Dipsastraea speciosa (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  36. Species Favia geoffroyi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Dipsastraea favus (Forskål, 1775) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  37. Species Favia halicora (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Favites halicora (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  38. Species Favia hawaiiensis (Vaughan, 1907) accepted as Leptastrea purpurea (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  39. Species Favia helianthoides Wells, 1954 accepted as Dipsastraea helianthoides (Wells, 1954) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  40. Species Favia hemprichii (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Favites abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  41. Species Favia hirsuta (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) accepted as Acanthastrea echinata (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  42. Species Favia hombroni (Rousseau, 1854) accepted as Goniastrea stelligera (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  43. Species Favia hombronii (Rouseau, 1854) accepted as Goniastrea stelligera (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  44. Species Favia hululensis Gardiner, 1904 accepted as Astrea rotulosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  45. Species Favia incerta Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Favia fragum (Esper, 1793) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  46. Species Favia ingolfi Crossland, 1931 accepted as Plesiastrea peroni Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  47. Species Favia jacquinoti Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Dipsastraea favus (Forskål, 1775) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  48. Species Favia laccadivica Gardiner, 1904 accepted as Dipsastraea pallida (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  49. Species Favia lacuna Veron, Turak & DeVantier, 2000 accepted as Dipsastraea lacuna (Veron, Turak & DeVantier, 2000) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  50. Species Favia laddi (Wells, 1954) accepted as Dipsastraea laddi (Wells, 1954) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  51. Species Favia laxa (Klunzinger, 1879) accepted as Dipsastraea laxa (Klunzinger, 1879) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  52. Species Favia leptophylla Verrill, 1868 accepted as Mussismilia leptophylla (Verrill, 1868) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  53. Species Favia lizardensis Veron, Pichon & Wijsman-Best, 1977 accepted as Dipsastraea lizardensis (Veron, Pichon & Wijsman-Best, 1977) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  54. Species Favia lobata (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) accepted as Goniastrea stelligera (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  55. Species Favia magnistellata (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) accepted as Favites magnistellata (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  56. Species Favia maritima (Nemenzo, 1971) accepted as Dipsastraea maritima (Nemenzo, 1971) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  57. Species Favia marshae Veron, 2000 accepted as Dipsastraea marshae (Veron, 2000) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  58. Species Favia matthaii Vaughan, 1918 accepted as Dipsastraea matthaii (Vaughan, 1918) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  59. Species Favia maxima Veron, Pichon & Wijsman-Best, 1977 accepted as Astraeosmilia maxima (Veron, Pichon & Wijsman-Best, 1977) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  60. Species Favia microphthalma (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Cyphastrea microphthalma (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  61. Species Favia okeni Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Dipsastraea pallida (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  62. Species Favia palauensis Yabe & Sugiyama, 1936 accepted as Coelastrea palauensis (Yabe & Sugiyama, 1936) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  63. Species Favia pallida (Dana, 1846) accepted as Dipsastraea pallida (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  64. Species Favia pandanus (Dana, 1846) accepted as Dipsastraea speciosa (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  65. Species Favia parvimurata Gardiner, 1904 accepted as Goniastrea favulus (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  66. Species Favia paucisepta Chevalier, 1971 accepted as Dipsastraea pallida (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  67. Species Favia pentagona (Esper, 1790) accepted as Favites pentagona (Esper, 1790) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  68. Species Favia porcata (Esper, 1794) accepted as Dichocoenia stokesii (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  69. Species Favia pseudostelligera Hoffmeister, 1932 accepted as Goniastrea stelligera (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  70. Species Favia puteolina (Dana, 1846) accepted as Dipsastraea speciosa (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  71. Species Favia putnami (Verrill, 1872) accepted as Dipsastraea pallida (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  72. Species Favia robusta (Dana, 1846) accepted as Favites abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  73. Species Favia rosaria Veron, 2000 accepted as Dipsastraea rosaria (Veron, 2000) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  74. Species Favia rotulifera Matthai, 1924 (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
  75. Species Favia rotulosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Astrea rotulosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  76. Species Favia rotumana (Gardiner, 1899) accepted as Dipsastraea rotumana (Gardiner, 1899) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  77. Species Favia rotundata (Veron, Pichon & Wijsman-Best, 1977) accepted as Favites rotundata Veron, Pichon & Wijsman-Best, 1977 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  78. Species Favia rudis (Verrill, 1866) accepted as Favia speciosa (Dana, 1846) accepted as Dipsastraea speciosa (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  79. Species Favia rugosa Chevalier, 1971 accepted as Dipsastraea matthaii (Vaughan, 1918) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  80. Species Favia savignyi (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) accepted as Dipsastraea favus (Forskål, 1775) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  81. Species Favia sinensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) accepted as Platygyra sinensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  82. Species Favia solidior (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) accepted as Astrea curta (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  83. Species Favia speciosa (Dana, 1846) accepted as Dipsastraea speciosa (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  84. Species Favia stelligera (Dana, 1846) accepted as Goniastrea stelligera (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  85. Species Favia truncata Veron, 2000 accepted as Dipsastraea truncata (Veron, 2000) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  86. Species Favia truncatus Veron, 2000 accepted as Dipsastraea truncata (Veron, 2000) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  87. Species Favia tubulifera Klunzinger, 1879 accepted as Dipsastraea pallida (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  88. Species Favia uva (Esper, 1795) accepted as Dipsastraea favus (Forskål, 1775) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  89. Species Favia valenciennesi (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) accepted as Favites valenciennesii (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  90. Species Favia vasta (Klunzinger, 1879) accepted as Favites vasta (Klunzinger, 1879) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  91. Species Favia veroni Moll & Best, 1984 accepted as Dipsastraea veroni (Moll & Best, 1984) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  92. Species Favia versipora (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Plesiastrea versipora (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  93. Species Favia vietnamensis Veron, 2000 accepted as Dipsastraea vietnamensis (Veron, 2000) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  94. Species Favia wakayama (Gardiner, 1899) accepted as Astrea curta (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, misspelling)
  95. Species Favia wakayana (Gardiner, 1899) accepted as Astrea curta (Dana, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  96. Species Favia whitfieldi Verrill, 1901 accepted as Favia fragum (Esper, 1793) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  97. Species Favia wisseli Scheer & Pillai, 1983 accepted as Dipsastraea wisseli (Scheer & Pillai, 1983) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  98. Species Favia acropora (Linnaeus, 1767) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  99. Species Favia deformis Eguchi & Shirai, 1977 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  100. Species Favia dipsacea (Lamarck, 1816) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  101. Species Favia elongata Eguchi & Shirai, 1977 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  102. Species Favia irregularis Chevalier, 1971 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  103. Species Favia lylei Nemenzo, 1984 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  104. Species Favia ordinata (Verrill, 1866) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  105. Species Favia rariseptata Eguchi & Shirai, 1977 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  106. Species Favia rousseaui (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  107. Species Favia schneideri Studer, 1880 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  108. Species Favia spongiosa (Dana, 1846) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Blainville, H.M. de. (1820). Mollusques, Vers et Zoophytes, EUP-FIK. <em>Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles.</em> 16: 1-567, Levrault, Strasbourg et Paris. [details]   
Nomenclature Named after Favia Oken, 1815, which is invalid  
Nomenclature Named after Favia Oken, 1815, which is invalid [details]

Description Colonies are usually massive, either flat or dome-shaped. Corallites are monocentric and plocoid: each corallite projects...  
Description Colonies are usually massive, either flat or dome-shaped. Corallites are monocentric and plocoid: each corallite projects slightly above the colony surface and has its own wall. Daughter corallites are formed by intratentacular division. Polyps are extended only at night and have a simple circle of tapering tentacles, often with a pigmented tip (Veron, 1986). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2024). World List of Scleractinia. Favia De Blainville, 1820. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=718691 on 2024-03-05
Date
action
by
2013-02-06 17:41:18Z
created
2018-08-16 19:12:21Z
changed
2018-08-27 09:37:45Z
changed
2018-12-24 19:02:27Z
changed
2021-04-10 10:13:25Z
changed
2022-08-18 17:25:44Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Blainville, H.M. de. (1820). Mollusques, Vers et Zoophytes, EUP-FIK. <em>Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles.</em> 16: 1-567, Levrault, Strasbourg et Paris. [details]   

original description  (of Favia Oken, 1815) Oken, L. (1815-1816). Lehrbuch der Naturgeschichte. Dritter Theil: Zoologie. <em>Erste Abtheilung: Fleischlose Thiere,Leipzig: C.H. Reclam & Jena: A. Schmid, [book (3rd vol part one, of 3 vols, including plates atlas of T.1, 1813].</em> xxviii + 842 pp. + xviii, 40 pls. L [copepods 180-184, 357-359, 4 plates]., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=Spo5AAAAcAAJ [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Barbadiastrea Wells, 1945 †) Wells JW. (1945). American Old and Middle Tertiary larger foraminifera and corals. Part II. West Indian Eocene and Miocene corals. <em>Geological Society of America Memoir.</em> 9 (2): 1-25, pls. 1-3. [details]   

original description  (of Clypeofavia de Angelis d'Ossat, 1894 †) de Angelis d'Ossat, G. (1894). I corallari dei terreni terziari dell'Italia settentrionale. <em>Atti della reale Academia Lincei, Memorie Classe Scienze fisiche matematiche e naturali, Ser 5a.</em> 1: 164-279, 3 pls. [details]   

basis of record Baron-Szabo, R. C. (2018). Nomenclatural notes on the genus Favia (Anthozoa: Scleractinia: Faviina: Faviidae). <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 131(1): 197-201., available online at https://doi.org/10.2988/18-00006 [details]   

additional source Gohar, H.A.F. (1940). Studies on the Xeniidae of the Red Sea: their ecology, physiology, taxonomy and phylogeny. <em>Publications of the Marine Biological Station, Ghardaqa (Red Sea).</em> 2: 25-118, plates 1-7.
page(s): 42 [details]   

additional source Milne Edwards H,. (1857). Histoire naturelle des coralliaires, ou polypes proprement dits. 1. <em>Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris.</em> 326 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12045211 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Verrill, A. E. (1868-1870). Review of the corals and polyps of the west coast of America. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 1, 6, 377-558.
page(s): 512 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Molina, M.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Palmyra Atoll coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2002, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2000-2001, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 8]. UNPUBLISHED, UNPUBLISHED [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Rose Atoll coral data compiled from US Fish and Wildlife Service 1994, Townsend Cromwell 2002, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 10]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C. R. C. (1985). Fringing reefs in the southern region, Jeddah to Jizan. Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 7, 37-58
page(s): 45 [details]   

additional source Ono, S.; Reimer, J. D.; Tsukahara, J. (2007). Thriving cnidarian community on the volcanic coastline of Sakurajima Taisho Lava Field, southern Japan. Coral Reefs, 26, 95
page(s): 95 [details]   

additional source Tkachenko, K. S.; Wu, B. J.; Fang, L. S.; Fan, T. Y. (2007). Dynamics of a coral reef community after mass mortality of branching Acropora corals and an outbreak of anemones. Marine Biology, 151, 185-194
page(s): 187 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Pichon M, Wijsman-Best M. (1977). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series.</em> 3: 1-233.
page(s): 27, 29, 48, 49, 50 [details]   

additional source Budd AF, Fukami H, Smith ND, Knowlton N. (2012). Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Mussidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). <em>Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.</em> 166 (3): 465-529., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2012.00855.x [details]   

additional source Matthai G. (1914). A revision of the recent colonial Astraeidae possessing distinct corallites. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd Series Zoology.</em> 17(1): 1-140, pls. 1-38.
page(s): 113-115 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T. (1935). Revised list of the reef-corals from the Japanese seas and of the fossil reef corals of the raised reefs and the Ryukyu limestone of Japan. <em>Journal of the Geological Society of Japan.</em> 42: 379-403.
page(s): 388, 390 [details]   

additional source Bassett-Smith, P.W. (1890). Report on the corals from Tizard and Macclesfield Banks, China Sea. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History,.</em> 6(35): 353-374, 443-458, pls. 12-14., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939008694050
page(s): 358, 372 [details]   

additional source Fromentel, E. de. (1861). Introduction a l'etude des polypiers fossiles. <em>Memoires de la Societe d 'Emulation du Departement du Doubs.</em> 1-157. [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 28, 101 [details]   

additional source Durham JW. (1962). Corals from the Galapagos and Cocos Islands. <em>Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Fourth Series.</em> 32 (2): 41-56.
page(s): 45 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

Nontype BMNH, geounit Vietnamese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 231-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 247-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

Nomenclature Named after Favia Oken, 1815, which is invalid [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies are usually massive, either flat or dome-shaped. Corallites are monocentric and plocoid: each corallite projects slightly above the colony surface and has its own wall. Daughter corallites are formed by intratentacular division. Polyps are extended only at night and have a simple circle of tapering tentacles, often with a pigmented tip (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English worm coralmoon coralhoneycomb coralclosed brain coral  [details]