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Hooper, J.N.A. (1996). Revision of Microcionidae (Porifera: Poecilosclerida: Demospongiae), with description of Australian species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. 40: 1-626.
7645
Hooper, J.N.A.
1996
Revision of Microcionidae (Porifera: Poecilosclerida: Demospongiae), with description of Australian species
Memoirs of the Queensland Museum
40: 1-626
Publication
A phylogenctic revision of the poccilosclcrid Microcionidae is based on type material, the worldwide literature, and comprehensive Australian collections. Of 73 available generic names 7 genera and 12 subgenera are recognised here. Of 561 available species names 455 are considered valid (1 virtually unrecognisable), including 52 new species. The Australian fauna, including Australian Antarctic Territory, contains 148 species (31 new), many new records, most are new combinations, and many illustrated for the first time. A synonymy of world species is provided. Valid taxa include: Clalhria (with 7 subgenera: C (Clathria) (with 31 Ausiralian species, S2 other species worldwide, with new species murphyi, noarlungae, biclathrata, borealis, burioni, sarai. sarospinifera). C. ( Wilsonella) (6, 8, abrolhosensis, ensiae, lindgreni spp. nov.), C. (Microciona) (5, 91. illawarrae, lizardensis. simae, brondstedi. campecheae. ciaudei, hentscheli, leighensis, stephensae, tunisiae, urizae, vacelettia spp. nov.), C {Dendrocia) (7 species endemic to Australia), C. (Axociella) (6. 6, patula, fromontae. georgiaensis spp. nov.), C. (Isoociella) (4, 1, selachia* skia spp. nov.), and C (Thalysias) (36, 53, aphylla, craspedia, darwinensis, fusterna, hallmanni, hesperia, lematolae. phorbasiformis, styloprothesis, tingens, wesselensis, amiranteiensis, hechteli spp. nov.); Antho (with 3 subgenera: A. (Antho) (12, 10), A. (Plocamia) (2, 17) and A, ilsopentctya) (3.1. punuea, saintvincenti spp. nov.); Echinoiiathria (14, 15. bergquistae, levii, notialis, parkeri. riddlei spp. nov.); Holopsamma (9 species endemic to Australia, I indeterminate species); Echinochulina (with 2 subgenera: E iFjiiinochalina) (10, 2, felhi sp. nov,), £ (Protttphlifo spongio) (8 species endemic to Australia and New Caledonia, callata, favulosa, isitaci, tuberosa spp. nov.)); Artemisimi (4, 10); and Pandoras (incertae sedis) (0, 2"), Generic keys are provided. Morphometric characters of primary importance include the origin, geometry and distribution of structural meg3scleres within the skeleton, modification of megasclercs to monactinal or diactinal forms, the presence or absence of a specialised ectosomal skeleton, presence of detritus incorporated into spongin fibres, and overall skeletal structure (including compression of the axial skeleton and differentiation of axial and extra-axial regions). Brief zoogeographical comparisons are made between continental Australian and adjacent Indo-west Pacific faunas. Australian species comprise about 32% of the world's microcionid diversity; about 75% of species arc endemic for the Australian region, and temperate species (81 %.) have higher levels of endemism than tropical species{59%).
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Allocia Hallmann, 1920 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) Schmidt, 1862 (basis of record)
Amphilectus hispidulus Ridley, 1884 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) hispidula (Ridley, 1884) (basis of record)
Amphilectus svarchevskyi Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) armata (Bowerbank, 1862) (basis of record)
Anaata lajorei de Laubenfels, 1954 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) lajorei (de Laubenfels, 1954) (basis of record)
Antherochalina elegans Lendenfeld, 1887 accepted as Raspailia (Parasyringella) elegans (Lendenfeld, 1887) (basis of record)
Antherochalina renieroides Lendenfeld, 1887 accepted as Sigmaxinella flabellata (Carter, 1885) (basis of record)
Antho (Acarnia) anisotyla (Lévi, 1960) accepted as Antho (Plocamia) anisotyla (Lévi, 1960) (basis of record)
Antho (Acarnia) lithophoenix (de Laubenfels, 1927) accepted as Antho (Jia) lithophoenix (de Laubenfels, 1927) (basis of record)
Antho (Acarnia) manaarensis (Carter, 1880) accepted as Antho (Plocamia) manaarensis (Carter, 1880) (additional source)
Antho (Acarnia) plena (Sollas, 1879) accepted as Rotuloplocamia plena (Sollas, 1879) (basis of record)
Antho (Antho) brattegardi van Soest & Stone, 1986 accepted as Antho (Jia) brattegardi van Soest & Stone, 1986 (basis of record)
Antho (Antho) hallezi (Topsent, 1904) accepted as Antho (Plocamia) hallezi (Topsent, 1904) (basis of record)
Antho (Antho) paucispina Sarà & Siribelli, 1962 (basis of record)
Antho (Antho) tuberosa (Hentschel, 1911) (basis of record)
Antho (Isopenectya) punicea Hooper, 1996 (original description)
Antho (Isopenectya) saintvincenti Hooper, 1996 (original description)
Antho (Plocamia) burtoni (Lévi, 1952) accepted as Antho (Antho) burtoni (Lévi, 1952) (new combination reference)
Antho (Plocamia) circonflexa (Lévi, 1960) accepted as Antho (Acarnia) circonflexa (Lévi, 1960) (new combination reference)
Antho (Plocamia) coriacea (Bowerbank, 1874) accepted as Antho (Acarnia) coriacea (Bowerbank, 1874) (new combination reference)
Antho (Plocamia) delaubenfelsi (Little, 1963) accepted as Antho (Acarnia) delaubenfelsi (Little, 1963) accepted as Antho (Acarnia) penneyi (Laubenfels, 1936) (new combination reference)
Antho (Plocamia) elegans (Ridley & Dendy, 1887) accepted as Antho (Acarnia) elegans (Ridley & Dendy, 1887) (new combination reference)
Antho (Plocamia) erecta (Ferrer Hernández, 1923) (new combination reference)
Antho (Plocamia) frondifera (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Antho (Acarnia) frondifera (Lamarck, 1814) (new combination reference)
Antho (Plocamia) gymnazusa (Schmidt, 1870) (new combination reference)
Antho (Plocamia) illgi (Bakus, 1966) accepted as Antho (Acarnia) illgi (Bakus, 1966) (new combination reference)
Antho (Plocamia) lambei (Burton, 1935) (new combination reference)
Antho (Plocamia) penneyi (Laubenfels, 1936) accepted as Antho (Acarnia) penneyi (Laubenfels, 1936) (new combination reference)
Artemisina tubulosa Koltun, 1964 (additional source)
Axocielita hartmani Simpson, 1966 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) hartmani (Simpson, 1966) (basis of record)
Axociella canaliculata (Whitelegge, 1906) accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) canaliculata (Whitelegge, 1906) (additional source)
Axociella nervosa Lévi, 1963 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) nervosa (Lévi, 1963) (basis of record)
Clathria (Axociella) Hallmann, 1920 accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) Topsent, 1893 (source of synonymy)
Clathria (Axociella) canaliculata (Whitelegge, 1906) accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) canaliculata (Whitelegge, 1906) (redescription)
Clathria (Axociella) cylindrica (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) cylindrica (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Clathria (Axociella) fauroti (Topsent, 1893) accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) fauroti (Topsent, 1893) (additional source)
Clathria (Axociella) fromontae Hooper, 1996 accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) fromontae Hooper, 1996 (original description)
Clathria (Axociella) georgiaensis Hooper, 1996 accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) georgiaensis Hooper, 1996 (additional source)
Clathria (Axociella) lambei (Koltun, 1955) accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) lambei (Koltun, 1955) (source of synonymy)
Clathria (Axociella) macrotoxa (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988) accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) macrotoxa (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988) (additional source)
Clathria (Axociella) multitoxaformis (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988) accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) multitoxaformis (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988) (additional source)
Clathria (Axociella) nidificata (Kirkpatrick, 1907) accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) nidificata (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Clathria (Axociella) parva (Levi, 1963) accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) parva Lévi, 1963 (additional source)
Clathria (Axociella) patula Hooper, 1996 accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) patula (Hooper, 1996) (original description)
Clathria (Axociella) thetidis (Hallmann, 1920) accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) thetidis (Hallmann, 1920) (additional source)
Clathria (Axosuberites) georgiaensis Hooper, 1996 (original description)
Clathria (Axosuberites) nidificata (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (additional source)
Clathria (Axosuberites) parva Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria (Axosuberites) patula (Hooper, 1996) (original description)
Clathria (Axosuberites) thetidis (Hallmann, 1920) (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) acanthostyli (Hoshino, 1981) (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) angulifera Dendy, 1896 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) antyaja (Burton & Rao, 1932) (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) arcuophora Whitelegge, 1907 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) axociona Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) basilana Lévi, 1961 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) biclathrata Hooper in Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) borealis Hooper, 1996 (original description)
Clathria (Clathria) burtoni Hooper, 1996 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) burtoni Cuartas, 1995 (original description)
Clathria (Clathria) caelata Hallmann, 1912 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) caespes (Ehlers, 1870) accepted as Crella caespes (Ehlers, 1870) (source of synonymy)
Clathria (Clathria) calopora Whitelegge, 1907 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) calypso Boury-Esnault, 1973 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) chelifera (Hentschel, 1911) (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) compressa Schmidt, 1862 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) conectens (Hallmann, 1912) (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) conica Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) contorta (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988) (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) crassa (Lendenfeld, 1887) (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) curvispiculifera (Carter, 1880) accepted as Cerbaris curvispiculifer (Carter, 1880) (source of synonymy)
Clathria (Clathria) dayi Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) decumbens Ridley, 1884 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) echinonematissima (Carter, 1887) (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) elastica Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) elegans Vosmaer, 1880 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) flabellata (Burton, 1936) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) mauriceburtoni Van Soest & Hooper, 2020 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) foliacea Topsent, 1889 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) foliascens Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) hexagonopora Lévi, 1963 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) hispidula (Ridley, 1884) (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) horrida (Row, 1911) (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) inanchorata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) juncea Burton, 1931 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) kylista Hooper & Lévi, 1993 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) labyrinthica (Schmidt, 1864) accepted as Crambe crambe (Schmidt, 1862) (new combination reference)
Clathria (Clathria) lipochela Burton, 1932 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) lissosclera Bergquist & Fromont, 1988 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) lobata Vosmaer, 1880 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) macroisochela Lévi, 1993 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) maeandrina Ridley, 1884 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) marissuperi Pulitzer-Finali, 1983 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) menoui Hooper & Lévi, 1993 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) meyeri (Bowerbank, 1877) (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) microxa Desqueyroux, 1972 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) mosulpia Sim & Byeon, 1989 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) multipes Hallmann, 1912 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) murphyi Hooper, 1996 (original description)
Clathria (Clathria) noarlungae Hooper, 1996 (original description)
Clathria (Clathria) obliqua (George & Wilson, 1919) (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) oculata Burton, 1933 (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) oxyphila (Hallmann, 1912) (additional source)
Agulhas Bank for Clathria (Clathria) caespes (Ehlers, 1870) 
Andaman and Nicobar Islands for Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814) 
Andaman Sea Coral Coast for Clathria (Thalysias) lendenfeldi Ridley & Dendy, 1886 
Andaman Sea Coral Coast for Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814) 
Arafura Sea for Clathria (Thalysias) michaelseni (Hentschel, 1911) 
Arafura Sea for Clathria (Thalysias) procera (Ridley, 1884) 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Clathria (Clathria) chelifera (Hentschel, 1911) 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Clathria (Isociella) eccentrica (Burton, 1934) 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Clathria (Thalysias) coppingeri Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Clathria (Thalysias) fusterna Hooper, 1996 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Clathria (Thalysias) hallmanni Hooper, 1996 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Clathria (Thalysias) lendenfeldi Ridley & Dendy, 1886 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Clathria (Thalysias) procera (Ridley, 1884) 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Clathria (Thalysias) reinwardti Vosmaer, 1880 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Clathria (Thalysias) toxifera (Hentschel, 1912) 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814) 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Clathria (Thalysias) wesselensis Hooper, 1996 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Clathria wesselensis Hooper, 1996 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Echinochalina (Echinochalina) intermedia (Whitelegge, 1902) 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Axociella) patula Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Thalysias) craspedia Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria abrolhosensis Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria aphylla Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria darwinensis Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria ensiae Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria fusterna Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria grisea (Hentschel, 1911) 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria hallmanni Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria hesperia Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria illawarrae Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria lizardensis Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria michaelseni (Hentschel, 1911) 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria multipes Hallmann, 1912 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria murphyi Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria selachia Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria skia Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria styloprothesis Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria tingens Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria wesselensis Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathriopsamma reticulata Lendenfeld, 1888 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathrissa arbuscula Lendenfeld, 1888 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Echinochalina collata Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Echinochalina favulosa Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Echinochalina felixi Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Echinochalina isaaci Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Echinoclathria bergquistae Hooper, 1996 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Ophlitaspongia thetidis Hallmann, 1920 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Plectispa arborea Lendenfeld, 1888 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Plectispa elegans Lendenfeld, 1888 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Plectispa macropora Lendenfeld, 1888 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Wilsonella myxilloides (Dendy, 1896) 
Bass Strait for Echinoclathria riddlei Hooper, 1996  (origin: native - endemic)
Bassian for Clathria (Clathria) inanchorata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 
Bassian for Clathria (Dendrocia) pyramida Lendenfeld, 1888 
Bassian for Clathria (Isociella) macropora Lendenfeld, 1888 
Bassian for Clathria (Thalysias) lendenfeldi Ridley & Dendy, 1886 
Bassian for Clathria (Thalysias) rubra (Lendenfeld, 1888) 
Bassian for Clathria (Wilsonella) ensiae Hooper, 1996 
Bassian for Echinochalina (Echinochalina) intermedia (Whitelegge, 1902) 
Bassian for Echinoclathria levii Hooper, 1996 
Bassian for Echinoclathria riddlei Hooper, 1996 
Bassian for Holopsamma arborea (Lendenfeld, 1888) 
Bassian for Holopsamma rotunda (Hallmann, 1912) 
Bismarck Sea for Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814) 
Bonaparte Coast for Clathria (Thalysias) coppingeri Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Clathria (Thalysias) darwinensis Hooper, 1996 
Bonaparte Coast for Clathria (Thalysias) lendenfeldi Ridley & Dendy, 1886 
Bonaparte Coast for Clathria (Thalysias) major Hentschel, 1912 
Bonaparte Coast for Clathria (Thalysias) phorbasiformis Hooper, 1996 
Bonaparte Coast for Clathria (Thalysias) tingens Hooper, 1996 
Bonaparte Coast for Clathria (Thalysias) toxifera (Hentschel, 1912) 
Bonaparte Coast for Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814) 
Bonaparte Coast for Clathria (Wilsonella) claviformis Hentschel, 1912 
Bonaparte Coast for Clathria (Wilsonella) tuberosa (Bowerbank, 1875) 
Bonaparte Coast for Clathria darwinensis Hooper, 1996 
Bonaparte Coast for Clathria phorbasiformis Hooper, 1996 
Bonaparte Coast for Clathria tingens Hooper, 1996 
Cape Howe for Clathria (Clathria) biclathrata Hooper in Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994 
Cape Howe for Clathria (Clathria) rubens (Lendenfeld, 1888) 
Cape Howe for Clathria (Dendrocia) pyramida Lendenfeld, 1888 
Cape Howe for Clathria (Microciona) illawarrae Hooper, 1996 
Cape Howe for Clathria (Wilsonella) australiensis Carter, 1885 
Cape Howe for Clathria illawarrae Hooper, 1996 
Cape Howe for Echinoclathria leporina (Lamarck, 1814) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Clathria (Clathria) conectens (Hallmann, 1912) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Clathria (Clathria) rubens (Lendenfeld, 1888) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Clathria (Isociella) eccentrica (Burton, 1934) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Clathria (Isociella) skia Hooper, 1996 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Clathria (Microciona) aceratoobtusa (Carter, 1887) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Clathria (Thalysias) hirsuta Hooper & Lévi, 1993 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Clathria (Thalysias) lendenfeldi Ridley & Dendy, 1886 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Clathria (Thalysias) tingens Hooper, 1996 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Clathria (Wilsonella) australiensis Carter, 1885 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Clathria skia Hooper, 1996 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Echinochalina (Echinochalina) tubulosa (Hallmann, 1912) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Echinochalina (Protophlitaspongia) isaaci Hooper, 1996 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Echinochalina isaaci Hooper, 1996 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Echinoclathria bergquistae Hooper, 1996 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Echinoclathria bergquistae Hooper, 1996 
Lectotype BMNH 1886.12.15.43, geounit Bassian, identified as Wilsonella australiensis Carter, 1885
Paralectotype BMNH 1887.5.2.44, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Echinoclathria carteri Ridley & Dendy, 1886
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.597, geounit South India and Sri Lanka, identified as Microciona affinis Carter, 1880
Lectotype ZMB 4444, geounit Shark Bay, identified as Clathria (Clathria) squalorum Wiedenmayer in Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994
Holotype WAM 649-81(1), geounit Houtman, identified as Clathria (Thalysias) styloprothesis Hooper, 1996
Neotype BMNH 1928.11.12.50 (specimen), 1954.2.20.67 (slide), identified as Clathria (Thalysias) virgultosa (Esper, 1806)
Lectotype AM E302, geounit Bassian, identified as Clathria transiens Hallmann, 1912
Holotype IZUA G116, identified as Clathria elastica Sarà, 1978
Holotype IZUA G147, geounit Patagonian Shelf, identified as Clathria spinifera Sarà, 1978
Lectotype NMV G2452, geounit Bassian, identified as Echinochalina (Echinochalina) spongiosa (Dendy, 1896)
Holotype QM G300213, geounit Exmouth to Broome, identified as Clathria (Thalysias) hesperia Hooper, 1996
Holotype QM G300656, geounit Leeuwin, identified as Clathria (Clathria) murphyi Hooper, 1996
Holotype QM G303240, geounit Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef, identified as Clathria (Thalysias) fusterna Hooper, 1996
Holotype QM G304121, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Clathria (Microciona) lizardensis Hooper, 1996
Holotype QM G304572, geounit Cape Howe, identified as Clathria (Microciona) illawarrae Hooper, 1996
Holotype AM G4336, geounit Manning-Hawkesbury, identified as Rhaphidophlus tenebratus Whitelegge, 1907
Lectotype AM G4344, geounit Manning-Hawkesbury, identified as Clathria striata Whitelegge, 1907
Lectotype AM G9010, geounit Bassian, identified as Antherochalina perforata Lendenfeld, 1887
Holotype QM GL2746, geounit Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef, identified as Clathria (Thalysias) hirsuta Hooper & Lévi, 1993
Holotype Han Nam University, geounit East China Sea, identified as Clathria (Microciona) simae Hooper, 1996
Neotype NTM Z3676, geounit Gulf of Thailand, identified as Microciona aceratoobtusa Carter, 1887
Holotype MMBS SAT-018, geounit Central Kuroshio Current, identified as Thalysias productitoxa Hoshino, 1981
Holotype NTM Z2138, geounit Australia, identified as Clathria (Thalysias) phorbasiformis Hooper, 1996
Holotype NTM Z2202, geounit Bonaparte Coast, identified as Clathria (Thalysias) tingens Hooper, 1996
Holotype NTM Z2218, geounit Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria, identified as Clathria (Thalysias) hallmanni Hooper, 1996
Holotype NTM Z3218, geounit Houtman, identified as Clathria (Wilsonella) abrolhosensis Hooper, 1996
Holotype NTM Z3561, geounit South Australian Gulfs, identified as Clathria (Wilsonella) ensiae Hooper, 1996
Holotype NTM Z3952, geounit Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria, identified as Clathria (Thalysias) wesselensis Hooper, 1996


















































































































































































 Description

Shape. Typically simple digitate, stoloniferous, cylindrical or occasionally laterally compressed branches (7-25mm ... [details]

 Holotype

MNHN (missing according to Hooper, 1996) [details]

 Holotype

MNHN, but missing according to Hooper (1996) [details]

 Holotype

USNM 7680 [details]

 Holotype

Dresden Museum, but according to Hooper, 1996: 175, the material was destroyed during WWII. There should be some ... [details]

 Identification

The highly complex historical problem with the taxon name "macropora" allocated within the genera Clathria, ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Replacement for preoccupied Clathria (C.) spinifera sensu Sarà, 1978 (not Lindgren, 1897) [details]

 Taxonomy

Eurypon similis sensu Uriz, 1988 is not conspecific with Hymeraphia similis Thiele, 1903. Subsequently it was ... [details]

 Type material

Next to the 'holotype' slide in MNHN, there are further specimens and slides in MOM (fide Hooper, 1996), fragment ... [details]



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