WoRMS taxon details

Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801

135085  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135085)

accepted
Genus
Amblocyathus d'Orbigny, 1849 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Anthophyllea Link, 1807 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Anthophyllum Schweigger, 1819 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Anthrophyllum Schweigger, 1819 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (misspelling)
Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) Seguenza, 1861 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Ceratocyathus Seguenza, 1861 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cyathina Ehrenberg, 1834 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cylindrocyathus Alloiteau, 1952 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Paterocyathus Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Plesiocaryophyllia Alloiteau, 1958 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Turbinolia (Cyathina) Ehrenberg, 1834 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym

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  1. Subgenus Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
    1. Species Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) decamera Cairns, 1998
    2. Species Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) dentata (Moseley, 1880)
    3. Species Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) grayi (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)
    4. Species Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) guangdongensis Zou, 1984
    5. Species Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) karubarica Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
    6. Species Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) spinicarens (Moseley, 1880)
    7. Species Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) spinigera (Saville Kent, 1871)
    8. Species Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) unicristata Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
    9. Species Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) zanzibarensis Zou, 1984
  2. Subgenus Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) Lamarck, 1801
    1. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) abrupta Cairns, 1999
    2. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) abyssorum Duncan, 1873
    3. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) alaskensis Vaughan, 1941
    4. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) alberti Zibrowius, 1980
    5. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) ambrosia Alcock, 1898
    6. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) antarctica Marenzeller, 1904
    7. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) antillarum Pourtalès, 1874
    8. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) arnoldi Vaughan, 1900
    9. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) aspera Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010
    10. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873)
    11. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) balaenacea Zibrowius & Gili, 1990
    12. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) barbadensis Cairns, 1979
    13. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) berteriana Duchassaing, 1850
    14. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) calveri Duncan, 1873
    15. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cintinculata (Alcock, 1898)
    16. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) concreta Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010
    17. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) conferta Dana, 1846
    18. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cornulum Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
    19. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) corona Duchassaing, 1870
    20. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) coronula Cairns & Polonio, 2013
    21. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) corrugata Cairns, 1979
    22. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) crosnieri Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
    23. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) crypta Cairns, 2000
    24. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cyathus (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
    25. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) diomedeae Marenzeller, 1904
    26. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) eltaninae Cairns, 1982
    27. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) ephyala Alcock, 1891
    28. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) fontinalis Kitahara & Cairns, 2021
    29. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) foresti Zibrowius, 1980
    30. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) grandis Gardiner & Waugh, 1938
    31. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) gravieri Kitahara & Cairns, 2021
    32. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) hawaiiensis Vaughan, 1907
    33. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) horologium Cairns, 1977
    34. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) huinayensis Cairns, Häussermann & Försterra, 2005
    35. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) inornata (Duncan, 1878)
    36. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) japonica Marenzeller, 1888
    37. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) jogashimaensis Eguchi, 1968
    38. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) kellerae Cairns & Polonio, 2013
    39. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) laevigata Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010
    40. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) lamellifera Moseley, 1880
    41. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) mabahithi Gardiner & Waugh, 1938
    42. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) marmorea Cairns, 1984
    43. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) oblonga Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010
    44. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) octonaria Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
    45. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) octopali Vaughan, 1907
    46. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) paradoxus Alcock, 1898
    47. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) paucipalata Moseley, 1880
    48. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) perculta Cairns, 1991
    49. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) planilamellata Dennant, 1906
    50. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) polygona Pourtalès, 1878
    51. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) profunda Moseley, 1880
    52. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) protei Duchassaing, 1870
    53. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) quadragenaria Alcock, 1902
    54. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) ralphae Cairns, 1995
    55. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) rugosa Moseley, 1880
    56. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) sarsiae Zibrowius, 1974
    57. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) scitula Kitahara & Cairns, 2021
    58. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) scobinosa Alcock, 1902
    59. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) secta Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
    60. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) seguenzae Duncan, 1873
    61. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) sewelli Gardiner & Waugh, 1938
    62. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828
    63. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) solida Cairns, 1991
    64. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) squiresi Cairns, 1982
    65. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) stellula Cairns, 1998
    66. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) tangaroae Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010
    67. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) transversalis Moseley, 1880
    68. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) valdiviae Zibrowius & Gili, 1990
    69. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) versicolorata Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010
    70. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) zopyros Cairns, 1979
    71. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) alcocki Vaughan, 1907 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    72. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) capensis Gardiner, 1905 accepted as Monohedotrochus capensis (Gardiner, 1905) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    73. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) ceratoconus Hu, 1987 accepted as Premocyathus dentiformis (Alcock, 1902) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    74. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) clavus Scacchi, 1835 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    75. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) compressa Gardiner & Waugh, 1938 accepted as Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) zanzibarensis Zou, 1984 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, homonym)
    76. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) compressa Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 accepted as Premocyathus dentiformis (Alcock, 1902) (unaccepted > unavailable name)
    77. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cornigera Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Dendrophyllia cornigera (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
    78. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cornuformis Pourtalès, 1868 accepted as Premocyathus cornuformis (Pourtalès, 1868) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    79. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cultrifera Alcock, 1902 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) scobinosa Alcock, 1902 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    80. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) elongata Cairns in Cairns & Keller, 1993 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) crosnieri Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, homonym)
    81. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) formosa Pourtalès, 1867 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) berteriana Duchassaing, 1850 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    82. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) inskipi Duncan, 1873 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) abyssorum Duncan, 1873 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    83. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) laevicostata Moseley, 1880 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    84. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) margaritata Jourdan, 1895 accepted as Vaughanella margaritata (Jourdan, 1895) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    85. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) pacifica Keller, 1981 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    86. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) panda Alcock, 1902 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    87. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) paraoctopali Yabe & Eguchi, 1941 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) rugosa Moseley, 1880 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    88. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) parvula Cairns, 1979 accepted as Coenocyathus parvulus (Cairns, 1979) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
    89. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) pourtalesi Duncan, 1873 accepted as Premocyathus cornuformis (Pourtalès, 1868) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    90. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) pseudoturbinolia Michelin, 1841 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    91. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) scillaeomorpha Alcock, 1894 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) ephyala Alcock, 1891 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    92. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) sinuosa Duchassaing, 1870 accepted as Paracyathus pulchellus (Philippi, 1842) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    93. Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) vermiformis Duncan, 1873 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) abyssorum Duncan, 1873 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  3. Subgenus Caryophyllia (Premocyathus) Yabe & Eguchi, 1942
    1. Species Caryophyllia (Premacyathus) zanzibarensis Zou, 1984 accepted as Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) zanzibarensis Zou, 1984 (changed combination)
    2. Species Caryophyllia (Premocyathus) burchae (Cairns, 1984) accepted as Trochocyathus (Trochocyathus) burchae (Cairns, 1984) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    3. Species Caryophyllia (Premocyathus) compressa (Yabe & Eguchi, 1942) accepted as Premocyathus dentiformis (Alcock, 1902) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, homonym)
    4. Species Caryophyllia (Premocyathus) compressus Yabe & Eguchi, 1942 accepted as Premocyathus dentiformis (Alcock, 1902) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, homonym)
    5. Species Caryophyllia (Premocyathus) dentiformis (Alcock, 1902) accepted as Premocyathus dentiformis (Alcock, 1902) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    6. Species Caryophyllia (Premocyathus) spinacarens (Moseley, 1881) accepted as Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) spinicarens (Moseley, 1880) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  4. Species Caryophyllia arcuata (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)
  5. Species Caryophyllia cyathus (Ehrenberg, 1834)
  6. Species Caryophyllia cylindracea (Reuss, 1846)
  7. Species Caryophyllia endothecata Duncan, 1882
  8. Subgenus Caryophyllia (Bathyactis) Moseley, 1880 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    1. Species Caryophyllia (Bathyactis) atlantica (Duncan, 1873) accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  9. Subgenus Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) Seguenza, 1861 accepted as Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    1. Species Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) ornata Seguenza, 1864 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) seguenzae Duncan, 1873 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  10. Species Caryophyllia alcocki Vaughan, 1907 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  11. Species Caryophyllia angulosa (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Mussa angulosa (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  12. Species Caryophyllia angulosa Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Euphyllia glabrescens (Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  13. Species Caryophyllia arborea (Dana, 1872) (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
  14. Species Caryophyllia arbuscula Le Sueur, 1820 accepted as Cladocora arbuscula (Le Sueur, 1820) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  15. Species Caryophyllia arbusculum Le Sueur, 1820 accepted as Cladocora arbuscula (Le Sueur, 1820) (unaccepted > superseded combination, misspelling)
  16. Species Caryophyllia astreata Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Galaxea astreata (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  17. Species Caryophyllia aurantiaca (Dana, 1846) accepted as Tubastraea coccinea Lesson, 1830 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  18. Species Caryophyllia australis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Homophyllia australis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  19. Species Caryophyllia borealis (Fleming, 1828) accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  20. Species Caryophyllia burchae (Cairns, 1984) accepted as Trochocyathus (Trochocyathus) burchae (Cairns, 1984) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  21. Species Caryophyllia caespitosa (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Cladocora caespitosa (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  22. Species Caryophyllia calycularis Lamarck, 1836 accepted as Tubastraea coccinea Lesson, 1830 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  23. Species Caryophyllia capensis Gardiner, 1905 accepted as Monohedotrochus capensis (Gardiner, 1905) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  24. Species Caryophyllia carduus Audouin, 1826 accepted as Cynarina lacrymalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  25. Species Caryophyllia carpenteri Duncan, 1878 accepted as Stenocyathus vermiformis (Pourtalès, 1868) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  26. Species Caryophyllia cintinculatus (Alcock, 1898) accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cintinculata (Alcock, 1898) (unaccepted > incorrect grammatical agreement of specific epithet)
  27. Species Caryophyllia clavus Scacchi, 1835 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  28. Species Caryophyllia communis (Seguenza, 1863) accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  29. Species Caryophyllia compressa Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 accepted as Premocyathus dentiformis (Alcock, 1902) (unaccepted > unavailable name)
  30. Species Caryophyllia compressa Gardiner & Waugh, 1938 accepted as Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) zanzibarensis Zou, 1984 (unaccepted > junior homonym)
  31. Species Caryophyllia cornigera Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Dendrophyllia cornigera (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  32. Species Caryophyllia cornuformis Pourtalès, 1868 accepted as Premocyathus cornuformis (Pourtalès, 1868) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  33. Species Caryophyllia corymbosa (Forskål, 1775) accepted as Lobophyllia corymbosa (Forskål, 1775) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  34. Species Caryophyllia cristata (Esper, 1789) accepted as Lobophyllia hemprichii (Ehrenberg, 1834) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  35. Species Caryophyllia cubensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Scolymia cubensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  36. Species Caryophyllia cultrifera Alcock, 1902 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) scobinosa Alcock, 1902 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  37. Species Caryophyllia cynthus (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cyathus (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
  38. Species Caryophyllia decapali Yabe & Eguchi, 1942 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) quadragenaria Alcock, 1902 (synonymy)
  39. Species Caryophyllia dentiformis (Alcock, 1902) accepted as Premocyathus dentiformis (Alcock, 1902) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  40. Species Caryophyllia deshayesiana Michelin, 1850 accepted as Acanthophyllia deshayesiana (Michelin, 1850) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  41. Species Caryophyllia dianthus (Esper, 1794) accepted as Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  42. Species Caryophyllia elongata Cairns in Cairns & Keller, 1993 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) crosnieri Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  43. Species Caryophyllia epithecata Duncan, 1873 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  44. Species Caryophyllia europaea Risso, 1827 accepted as Balanophyllia (Balanophyllia) europaea (Risso, 1827) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  45. Species Caryophyllia fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Galaxea fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  46. Species Caryophyllia fasciculata Risso, 1827 accepted as Thalamophyllia gasti (Döderlein, 1913) (unaccepted > junior homonym, basionym)
  47. Species Caryophyllia fasciculata (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Galaxea fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  48. Species Caryophyllia fastigiata (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Eusmilia fastigiata (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  49. Species Caryophyllia formosa Pourtalès, 1867 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) berteriana Duchassaing, 1850 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  50. Species Caryophyllia gigas van der Horst, 1931 accepted as Anomocora gigas (van der Horst, 1931) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  51. Species Caryophyllia glabrescens Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821 accepted as Euphyllia glabrescens (Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  52. Species Caryophyllia inskipi Duncan, 1873 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) abyssorum Duncan, 1873 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  53. Species Caryophyllia italica Michelin, 1841 accepted as Balanophyllia (Balanophyllia) italica (Michelin, 1841) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  54. Species Caryophyllia lacera (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Scolymia lacera (Pallas, 1766) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  55. Species Caryophyllia lacrymalis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Cynarina lacrymalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  56. Species Caryophyllia laevicostata Moseley, 1880 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  57. Species Caryophyllia maculata (Pourtalès, 1874) accepted as Rhizosmilia maculata (Pourtalès, 1874) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  58. Species Caryophyllia margaritata Jourdan, 1895 accepted as Vaughanella margaritata (Jourdan, 1895) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  59. Species Caryophyllia musicalis (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Galaxea astreata (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, ?)
  60. Species Caryophyllia pacifica Keller, 1981 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  61. Species Caryophyllia panda Alcock, 1902 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  62. Species Caryophyllia paraoctopali Yabe & Eguchi, 1941 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) rugosa Moseley, 1880 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  63. Species Caryophyllia parvula Cairns, 1979 accepted as Coenocyathus parvulus (Cairns, 1979) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  64. Species Caryophyllia pourtalesi Duncan, 1873 accepted as Premocyathus cornuformis (Pourtalès, 1868) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  65. Species Caryophyllia pseudoturbinolia Michelin, 1841 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  66. Species Caryophyllia pygmaea Risso, 1827 accepted as Monomyces pygmaea (Risso, 1827) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  67. Species Caryophyllia ramea (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Dendrophyllia ramea (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  68. Species Caryophyllia scillaeomorpha Alcock, 1894 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) ephyala Alcock, 1891 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  69. Species Caryophyllia scyllaeomorpha Alcock, 1894 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) ephyala Alcock, 1891 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, misspelling)
  70. Species Caryophyllia sessilis Bellamy, 1839 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  71. Species Caryophyllia simplex Duncan, 1878 accepted as Stenocyathus vermiformis (Pourtalès, 1868) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  72. Species Caryophyllia smithi Stokes & Broderip, 1828 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
  73. Species Caryophyllia solitaria Le Sueur, 1817 accepted as Astrangia solitaria (Le Sueur, 1817) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  74. Species Caryophyllia turbinata (Philippi, 1836) accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  75. Species Caryophyllia variabilis (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
  76. Species Caryophyllia vaughani (Cairns, 1991) accepted as Concentrotheca vaughani Cairns, 1991 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  77. Species Caryophyllia vermiformis Duncan, 1873 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) abyssorum Duncan, 1873 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  78. Species Caryophyllia abrupta Cairns, 1999 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) abrupta Cairns, 1999
  79. Species Caryophyllia abyssorum Duncan, 1873 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) abyssorum Duncan, 1873
  80. Species Caryophyllia alaskensis Vaughan, 1941 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) alaskensis Vaughan, 1941
  81. Species Caryophyllia alberti Zibrowius, 1980 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) alberti Zibrowius, 1980
  82. Species Caryophyllia ambrosia Alcock, 1898 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) ambrosia Alcock, 1898
  83. Species Caryophyllia antarctica Marenzeller, 1904 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) antarctica Marenzeller, 1904
  84. Species Caryophyllia antillarum Pourtalès, 1874 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) antillarum Pourtalès, 1874
  85. Species Caryophyllia arnoldi Vaughan, 1900 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) arnoldi Vaughan, 1900
  86. Species Caryophyllia aspera Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) aspera Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010
  87. Species Caryophyllia atlantica (Duncan, 1873) represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873)
  88. Species Caryophyllia balaenacea Zibrowius & Gili, 1990 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) balaenacea Zibrowius & Gili, 1990
  89. Species Caryophyllia barbadensis Cairns, 1979 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) barbadensis Cairns, 1979
  90. Species Caryophyllia berteriana Duchassaing, 1850 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) berteriana Duchassaing, 1850
  91. Species Caryophyllia calveri Duncan, 1873 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) calveri Duncan, 1873
  92. Species Caryophyllia calvery Duncan, 1873 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) calveri Duncan, 1873 (misspelling)
  93. Species Caryophyllia cintinculata (Alcock, 1898) represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cintinculata (Alcock, 1898)
  94. Species Caryophyllia concreta Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) concreta Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010
  95. Species Caryophyllia conferta Dana, 1846 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) conferta Dana, 1846
  96. Species Caryophyllia cornulum Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cornulum Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
  97. Species Caryophyllia corona Duchassaing, 1870 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) corona Duchassaing, 1870
  98. Species Caryophyllia coronula Cairns & Polonio, 2013 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) coronula Cairns & Polonio, 2013
  99. Species Caryophyllia corrugata Cairns, 1979 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) corrugata Cairns, 1979
  100. Species Caryophyllia crosnieri Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) crosnieri Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
  101. Species Caryophyllia crypta Cairns, 2000 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) crypta Cairns, 2000
  102. Species Caryophyllia cyathus (Ellis & Solander, 1786) represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cyathus (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
  103. Species Caryophyllia decamera Cairns, 1998 represented as Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) decamera Cairns, 1998
  104. Species Caryophyllia dentata (Moseley, 1880) represented as Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) dentata (Moseley, 1880)
  105. Species Caryophyllia diomedeae Marenzeller, 1904 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) diomedeae Marenzeller, 1904
  106. Species Caryophyllia eltaninae Cairns, 1982 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) eltaninae Cairns, 1982
  107. Species Caryophyllia ephyala Alcock, 1891 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) ephyala Alcock, 1891
  108. Species Caryophyllia fontinalis Kitahara & Cairns, 2021 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) fontinalis Kitahara & Cairns, 2021
  109. Species Caryophyllia foresti Zibrowius, 1980 represented as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) foresti Zibrowius, 1980
  110. Species Caryophyllia grandis Gardiner & Waugh, 1938 (alternative representation)
  111. Species Caryophyllia gravieri Kitahara & Cairns, 2021 (alternative representation)
  112. Species Caryophyllia grayi (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) (alternative representation)
  113. Species Caryophyllia guangdongensis Zou, 1984 (alternative representation)
  114. Species Caryophyllia hawaiiensis Vaughan, 1907 (alternative representation)
  115. Species Caryophyllia horologium Cairns, 1977 (alternative representation)
  116. Species Caryophyllia huinayensis Cairns, Häussermann & Försterra, 2005 (alternative representation)
  117. Species Caryophyllia inornata (Duncan, 1878) (alternative representation)
  118. Species Caryophyllia japonica Marenzeller, 1888 (alternative representation)
  119. Species Caryophyllia jogashimaensis Eguchi, 1968 (alternative representation)
  120. Species Caryophyllia karubarica Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997 (alternative representation)
  121. Species Caryophyllia kellerae Cairns & Polonio, 2013 (alternative representation)
  122. Species Caryophyllia laevigata Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010 (alternative representation)
  123. Species Caryophyllia lamellifera Moseley, 1880 (alternative representation)
  124. Species Caryophyllia mabahithi Gardiner & Waugh, 1938 (alternative representation)
  125. Species Caryophyllia marmorea Cairns, 1984 (alternative representation)
  126. Species Caryophyllia oblonga Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010 (alternative representation)
  127. Species Caryophyllia octonaria Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997 (alternative representation)
  128. Species Caryophyllia octopali Vaughan, 1907 (alternative representation)
  129. Species Caryophyllia paradoxus Alcock, 1898 (alternative representation)
  130. Species Caryophyllia paucipalata Moseley, 1880 (alternative representation)
  131. Species Caryophyllia perculta Cairns, 1991 (alternative representation)
  132. Species Caryophyllia planilamellata Dennant, 1906 (alternative representation)
  133. Species Caryophyllia polygona Pourtalès, 1878 (alternative representation)
  134. Species Caryophyllia profunda Moseley, 1880 (alternative representation)
  135. Species Caryophyllia protei Duchassaing, 1870 (alternative representation)
  136. Species Caryophyllia quadragenaria Alcock, 1902 (alternative representation)
  137. Species Caryophyllia ralphae Cairns, 1995 (alternative representation)
  138. Species Caryophyllia rugosa Moseley, 1880 (alternative representation)
  139. Species Caryophyllia sarsiae Zibrowius, 1974 (alternative representation)
  140. Species Caryophyllia scitula Kitahara & Cairns, 2021 (alternative representation)
  141. Species Caryophyllia scobinosa Alcock, 1902 (alternative representation)
  142. Species Caryophyllia seguenzae Duncan, 1873 (alternative representation)
  143. Species Caryophyllia sewelli Gardiner & Waugh, 1938 (alternative representation)
  144. Species Caryophyllia smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (alternative representation)
  145. Species Caryophyllia solida Cairns, 1991 (alternative representation)
  146. Species Caryophyllia spinicarens (Moseley, 1880) (alternative representation)
  147. Species Caryophyllia spinigera (Saville Kent, 1871) (alternative representation)
  148. Species Caryophyllia squiresi Cairns, 1982 (alternative representation)
  149. Species Caryophyllia stellula Cairns, 1998 (alternative representation)
  150. Species Caryophyllia tangaroae Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010 (alternative representation)
  151. Species Caryophyllia transversalis Moseley, 1880 (alternative representation)
  152. Species Caryophyllia unicristata Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997 (alternative representation)
  153. Species Caryophyllia valdiviae Zibrowius & Gili, 1990 (alternative representation)
  154. Species Caryophyllia versicolorata Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010 (alternative representation)
  155. Species Caryophyllia zanzibarensis Zou, 1984 (alternative representation)
  156. Species Caryophyllia zopyros Cairns, 1979 (alternative representation)
  157. Species Caryophyllia anthophyllum Lamarck, 1816 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  158. Species Caryophyllia cespitosa (Linnaeus, 1758) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  159. Species Caryophyllia dilatata Dana, 1846 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, homonym)
  160. Species Caryophyllia epitheca Gardiner, 1905 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  161. Species Caryophyllia flexuosa (Linnaeus, 1758) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  162. Species Caryophyllia guadulpensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  163. Species Caryophyllia pocillum Dana, 1846 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  164. Species Caryophyllia sinuosa Lamarck, 1816 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  165. Species Caryophyllia truncularis Lamarck, 1816 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Lamarck, J. B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Depth range 0-2670 m  
Depth range 0-2670 m [details]

Fossil range Upper Jurassic to Recent  
Fossil range Upper Jurassic to Recent [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2024). World List of Scleractinia. Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135085 on 2024-05-30
Date
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by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-09-07 06:51:43Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2010-08-26 07:11:38Z
checked
2010-09-14 23:09:58Z
changed
2018-08-09 16:47:36Z
changed
2020-01-12 17:20:22Z
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2022-06-04 11:51:25Z
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2023-12-31 09:27:46Z
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Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lamarck, J. B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Cyathina Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862 [details]   

original description  (of Ceratocyathus Seguenza, 1861) Seguenza, G. (1863-1864). Disquisizioni paleontologiche intorno ai corallarii fossili delle rocce Terziarie del distretto di Messina. <em>Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino, Serie II.</em> 21: 399-458, ples 1-5 [1863], 459-560, pls. 6-15 [1864]., available online at http://archive.org/details/mobot32044093290419 [details]   

original description  (of Anthophyllum Schweigger, 1819) Schweigger AF. (1819). Beobachtungen auf naturhistorischen Reisen : anatomisch-physiologische Untersuchungen über Corallen ; nebst einem Anhange, Bemerkungen über den Bernstein enthaltend / von August Friedrich Schweigger. <em>Berlin.</em> , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50571414 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Amblocyathus d'Orbigny, 1849 †) Orbigny, A. D. d'. (1849). Note sur des Polypiers fossiles. <em>Revue et Magasin de Zoologie, 2e sér.</em> 1: 526-538. [details]   

original description  (of Cylindrocyathus Alloiteau, 1952 †) Alloiteau J. (1952). Embranchement des Coelentérés. Madreporaires Post-Paleozoiques. <em>In: Piveteau J, ed. Traité de Paléontologie, Paris: Masson.</em> 539–684, pls. 1-10. [details]   

original description  (of Plesiocaryophyllia Alloiteau, 1958 †) Alloiteau J. (1958). Monographie des madreporaires fossiles de Madagascar. <em>Annales Géologiques de Madagascar.</em> 25: 1-218, pls 1-38. [details]   

original description  (of Anthophyllea Link, 1807 †) Link, D. H. F. (1807-1808). Beschreibung der Naturalien-Sammlung der Universität zu Rostock. <em>Adlers Erben.</em> 1 Abt. [Part 1], pp. 1-50; 2 Abt. [Part 2], pp. 51-100; 3 Abt. [Part 3], pp. 101-165; Abt. 4 [Part 4],pp. 1-30; Abt. 5 [Part 5], pp. 1-38 [1808]; Abt. 6 [Part 6], pp. 1-38., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/43301237 [details]   

original description  (of Paterocyathus Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 †) Duchassaing P, Michelotti J. (1860). Mémoire sur les coralliaires des Antilles. <em>Mémoires de l'Academie des Sciences de Turin, séries 2.</em> 19: 279-365, pls 1-10., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12140332 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. <em>[Online Nomenclator Zoologicus at Checklistbank. Ubio link has gone].</em> , available online at https://www.checklistbank.org/dataset/126539/about [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Pourtalès, L.F. de, 1878. Corals. In: Report on the Dredging, under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico, by the United States Coast Survey Steamer "Blake", Lieutenant-Commander C.D. Sigsbee, U.S.N., commanding. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harv. 5 9: 197-212.
page(s): 199 [details]   

additional source Daly, M.M., Fautin D.G., Cappola V.A., 2003. Systematics of the Hexacorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 139 3: 419-437.
page(s): 424-425, 427-428 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Randall RH. (2003). An annotated checklist of hydrozoan and scleractinian corals collected from Guam and other Mariana Islands. <em>Micronesica.</em> 35-36: 121-137.
page(s): 134-135 [details]   

additional source Amaral, F. D.; Hudson, M. M.; da Silveira, F. L.; Migotto, A. E.; Pinto, S. M.; Longo, L. (2002). Cnidarians of Saint Peter and St. Paul Archipelago, Northeast Brazil. <em>Proceedings of the Ninth International Coral Reef Symposium.</em> 1, 567-571.
page(s): 567 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Stutchbury, S. 1833. An account of the mode of growth of young corals of the genus Fungia. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 16: 493-497, pl. 32.
page(s): 495, 497 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., L. Gershwin, F.J. Brook, P. Pugh, E.W. Dawson, O.V.; Ocaña, W. Vervoort, G. Williams, J.E. Watson, D.M. Opresko, P. Schuchert, P.M. Hine, D.P. Gordon, H.I. Campbell, A.J. Wright, J.A.Sánchez & D.G. Fautin. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cairns, S.D., R. Baron-Szabo, A.F. Budd, B. Lathuilière, E. Roniewicz, J. Stolarski & K.G. Johnson. (2010). Corallosphere. , available online at http://www.corallosphere.org [details]   

additional source Sieg, J.; Zibrowius, H. (1988). Association of the tube inhabiting tanaidacean, <i>Bifida scleractinicola</i> gen. nov., sp. nov., with bathyal scleractinians off New Caledonia (Crustacea Tanaidacea - Cnidaria Scleractinia). <em>Mésogée.</em> 48: 189-199.
page(s): 190, 192 Fig. 1 a-f [details]   

additional source Wells JW (1964) Ahermatypic corals from Queensland. University of Queensland Papers, Department of Zoology 2: 107-121, pls. 1-3.
page(s): 109 [details]   

additional source Duncan PM (1884) A revision of the families and genera of the sclerodermic Zoantharia, Ed. & H., or Madreporaria (M. Rugosa excepted). Journal of the Linnean Society of London, 18: 1-204. [details]   

additional source Chevalier J-P. (1961). Recherches sur les Madreporaires et les formations recifales Miocenes de la Mediterranee occidentale. <em>Memoires de la Societe Geologique de France, Nouvelle Série.</em> 40(93): 1-562, pls. 1-26. [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1906). A new species of Coenocyathus from California and the Brazilian astrangid corals. <em>Proceedings of the United States National Museum.</em> 30 (1477): 847-850, pls. 77-78., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00963801.30-1477.847
page(s): 847 [details]   

additional source Squires DF. (1961). Deep sea corals collected by the Lamont Geological Observatory. 2. Scotia Sea corals. <em>American Museum Novitates.</em> 2046: 1-48.
page(s): 23 [details]   

additional source Zibrowius, H. (1974). Scleractiniares des Iles Saint Paul et Amsterdam (sud de L'Ocean Indien). Tethys, 5(4): 747-778
page(s): 747, 755-756, Pl. 1, fig. 11 [details]   

additional source Murray, J.; Tizard, T. H. (1882). Exploration of the Faroe Channel, during the summer of 1880, in H.M.'s hired ship "Knight Errant". Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 11, 638-677
page(s): 675 [details]   

additional source Försterra, G.; Häussermann, V. (2003). First report on large scleractinian (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) accumulations in cold-temperate shallow water of south Chilean fjords. Zoologische Verhandelingen, 345, 117-128
page(s): 117, 119-121, Figures 2-3 [details]   

additional source Marenzeller, E. V. (1904). Stein- und Hydro-Korallen. XXXIII Reports on the dredging operations ? by the U. S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross". Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard University), 43(2): 75-87
page(s): 80 [details]   

additional source Schröder-Ritzrau, A.; Freiwald, A.; Mangini, A. (2005). U/Th-dating of deep-water corals from the eastern North Atlantic and the western Mediterranean Sea. André Freiwald and J. Murray Roberts (eds.). Springer. Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 157-172
page(s): 160 [details]   

additional source Cecchini, C. (1917). Gli Alcionari e i Madreporari roccolti nel Mediterraneo dalla R. N. Archivio Zoologico Italiano, IX(1): 10
page(s): 125, 127, 141-142 [details]   

additional source Wilson, J. B. (1979). 'Patch' development of the deep-water coral Lophelia pertusa (L.) on Rockall Bank. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 59, 165-177
page(s): 174 [details]   

additional source Moore, D. R.; Bullis, H. R. (1960). A deep-water coral reef in the Gulf of Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean, 10(1): 125-128
page(s): 126 [details]   

additional source Smith FGW. (1954). Gulf of Mexico Madreporaria. <em>Fisheries Bulletin of the Fish and Wildlife Service (U.S.).</em> 55, 291-295.
page(s): 294 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 63, 102, 113 [details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J. & J.S. Ryland (Eds.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. <em>Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK.</em> 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Cairns, S.D. (2000). A revision of the shallow-water azooxanthellate Scleractinia of the western Atlantic. <em>Studies on the Natural History of the Caribbean Region.</em> 75: 1-231. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Kitahara, M.V., S.D. Cairns & D.J. Miller. (2010). Monophyletic origin of Caryophyllia (Scleractinia, Caryophylliidae), with descriptions of six new species. <em>Systematics and Biodiversity.</em> 8(1): 91-118., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000903571088 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Cairns, S.D. (1994). Scleractinia of the temperate North Pacific. <em>Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology.</em> 557: 1-150. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

Nontype MCZ [details]
Nontype MCZ [details]
Nontype MCZ [details]
Nontype MCZ [details]
Nontype MCZ [details]
Nontype MCZ [details]
Nontype MCZ [details]
Nontype MCZ [details]
Nontype MCZ [details]
Nontype MNHN IC.2009-0087, geounit New Caledonian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 9061, geounit French Polynesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Corallum solitary, subcylindrical to turbinate, fixed or free; septotheca usually strongly costate, sometimes transversely ridged; pali in one crown opposite penultimate septal cycle (usually S3), occasionally antepenultimate septal cycle; columella fascicular; no endotheca. [details]

Remark Dozens of fossil species and 58 Recent species (see Cairns, 1991; Cairns et al., 1999; Baron-Szabo, 2002) [details]

From other sources
Biology azooxanthellate [details]

Depth range 0-2670 m [details]

Fossil range Upper Jurassic to Recent [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
    Definitions

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LanguageName 
English cupcorals  [details]
German Nelkenkorallen  [details]